MUNSTER, Germany (AFP) — A former guard charged with complicity in mass murder at a Nazi concentration camp will testify at his trial in Germany on Tuesday, making a rare statement in one of the last cases of its kind.
Johann Rehbogen, 94, served as a watchman from June 1942 to September 1944 at the Stutthof camp near what was then Danzig, now Gdansk in Poland.
The German man from the western district of Borken, North Rhine-Westphalia state, is a retired landscape architect and divorced father of three, according to German media.
His statement would mark a rare occasion for victims and their relatives to hear directly from the accused on the alleged crimes committed seven decades ago.
At the trial opening last week, the defendant shed tears as he heard written testimony from Holocaust survivors who now live in the United States or Israel.
He is charged with being an accessory to the murders of several hundred camp prisoners.
These included more than 100 Polish prisoners gassed in June 1944 and “probably several hundred” Jews killed from August to December 1944 as part of the Nazis’ so-called “Final Solution.”
Aged 18 to 20 at the time, and therefore now being tried under juvenile law, Rehbogen is “accused in his capacity as a guard of participating in the killing operations,” Dortmund prosecutor Andreas Brendel told AFP.
If found guilty, he faces a sentence of up to 15 years in prison — even though, given his age and the possibility of an appeal, he is considered unlikely to serve any time behind bars.
‘An apology would be good’
Christoph Ruecken, a lawyer representing an 85-year-old Holocaust survivor who now lives in the United States, said: “It would be an important sign for us if (Rehbogen) stood there to confirm the reality.”
“An apology would be good.”
— Klaas Meijer (@klaasm67) November 6, 2018
Although the trial is late in coming, Ruecken said it “eases the suffering of my client.”
“A punishment would be symbolic for such an old man but that’s important in times like now when nationalism and anti-Semitism are returning. It’s important to show that the rule of law says you will face the court if you do these things.”
Germany has been racing to put on trial surviving SS personnel, after the legal basis for prosecuting former Nazis changed in 2011 with the landmark conviction of former death camp guard John Demjanjuk.
He was sentenced not for any atrocities he committed, but on the basis that he served as a cog in the Nazi killing machine at the Sobibor camp in occupied Poland.
German courts subsequently convicted Oskar Groening, an accountant at Auschwitz, and Reinhold Hanning, a former SS guard at the same camp, for mass murder.
However both men, convicted at age 94, died before they could be imprisoned.
At his trial in 2015, Groening apologized and sought forgiveness. He also admitted “moral guilt” although he denied any legal culpability.
Like Groening, Hanning told his victims he was sorry.
He admitted to being “silent all my life” about the atrocities because he felt deep shame, not having spoken about it even to his wife, children or grandchildren.
Another trial against a 96-year-old former medical orderly at the Auschwitz death camp collapsed in 2017 because he suffers from dementia.
Wheelchair-bound Hubert Zafke had faced 3,681 counts of being an accessory to murder at the concentration camp in Nazi-occupied Poland, but his trial ended in disarray.