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French historian claims Israel abetted 1967 razing of Jerusalem’s Mughrabi quarter

In new book, Vincent Lemire says officials in Jerusalem helped plan destruction of Muslim neighborhood in front of Western Wall after Six Day War

View of the Western Wall plaza and the Dome of the Rock in the background, in Jerusalem's Old City, December 23, 2021. (Lee Aloni/FLASH90)
View of the Western Wall plaza and the Dome of the Rock in the background, in Jerusalem's Old City, December 23, 2021. (Lee Aloni/FLASH90)

AFP — After the 1967 Six Day War, Israel planned the “destruction” of Jerusalem’s Mughrabi neighborhood at the base of the Western Wall but tried to hide it, claims a new book published Friday.

Its author, French historian Vincent Lemire, expects the book “In the Shadow of the Wall: The life and death of the Mughrabi quarter of Jerusalem” to spark controversy because of the sensitive nature of the Holy City.

Lemire, who has published several books on the history of Jerusalem, said he drew material from local archives, as well as Ottoman and French ones, for his work released by Le Seuil in Paris.

Most tourists who visit Jerusalem make a stop at the Western Wall plaza, a large esplanade of polished stone that extends from the ancient wall, Judaism’s holiest prayer site.

But before the Six Day War, when East Jerusalem — including the old walled city — was controlled by Jordan, there was no esplanade at the base of the wall.

Instead, there was a Muslim neighborhood called Mughrabi of about 135 homes initially established in the 12th-century by Emperor Saladin, and where former Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat lived for a period during his youth.

Lemire, director of the French Research Center in Jerusalem, traces the area’s history in a book due to be translated into English later this year by Stanford University Press.

The commonly told story about the fate of Jerusalem’s Mughrabi quarter is that immediately after Israel captured the Old City a group of 15 private Jewish contractors destroyed the neighborhood to make space for the Western Wall plaza.

The role played by then-Jerusalem mayor Teddy Kollek in the operation has previously been reported by media outlets.

But Lemire told AFP that his book offers “definitive, written proof on the premeditation, planning and coordination of this operation.”

He cites minutes of a meeting between Kollek and the army commander in charge of Jerusalem on June 9, 1967, just 36 hours before the neighborhood was demolished.

“One of the items on the agenda is the destruction of the Mughrabi Quarter,” Lemire said.

He said he also consulted an internal foreign ministry note from the same day that prepared talking points to explain the neighborhood’s destruction, “designed to make people believe they were slums and dangerous buildings.”

He said he found a note in the Jerusalem municipality’s archives that references the need to remove the rubble of the area “on the order of the military command.”

He said displaced residents of the area received “minimal, but fast” financial compensation after the demolition, “to secure their silence.”

Lemire told AFP he expected “hostile” responses to his book, given sensitivities surrounding Jerusalem’s holy sites and the “fact that this story is unpleasant for everyone.”

But he said he was compelled to write about a neighborhood that was lacking a recorded history.

“With this book, there’s the beginning of a history. It’s a start,” he said.

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