More than 350 years after philosopher Baruch Spinoza was excommunicated from the Spanish-Portuguese Jewish community in Amsterdam, a leader of the community has banned a scholar of Spinoza’s work from visiting the community’s synagogue and library due to his research of the “heretic.”
Yitzhak Melamed, a professor of philosophy at Johns Hopkins University, is denied his request to visit the synagogue with a film crew with plans to film Melamed conducting research in the library’s archives.
Responding to the professor in a letter, Rabbi Joseph Serfaty, a leader of Amsterdam’s Sephardic community, tells Melamed he will not be welcomed into the building — a building in which Spinoza himself may have studied, as he was enrolled in the school that was once housed there.
“The chachamim and parnassim of Kahal Kados Torah excommunicated Spinoza and his writings with the severest possible ban, a ban that remains in force and cannot be rescinded. You have devoted your life to the study of Spinoza’s banned works and the development of his ideas,” Serfaty writes, using the Hebrew words for the community’s leaders.
For the first night of Hanukkah I can't but share this letter that Melamed just received from rabbi Serfaty. Wishing you all a meaningful Hanukkah! pic.twitter.com/2QoGwTSWwV
— Sergio Tenenbaum (@sergioten) November 28, 2021
“Your request to visit our complex and create a film about this Epicouros [heretic]… is incompatible with our centuries-old halachic, historic and ethical tradition and an unacceptable assault on our identity and heritage,” he adds.
He concludes the letter by barring Melamed from the building. “I therefore deny your request and declare you persona non grata in the Portuguese Synagogue complex,” he writes.
Spinoza was born into the Spanish-Portuguese Jewish community in Amsterdam and became a philosopher who laid the intellectual foundations of the Enlightenment. He was excommunicated by Amsterdam’s Jews in 1656 for heresy.
In 2015, the community hosted a debate over whether the excommunication should be lifted, but ultimately did not lift the ban.