Syrian opposition agrees to send united delegation to Geneva talks
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Syrian opposition agrees to send united delegation to Geneva talks

As efforts to end the war intensify, over 100 opposition members gather in Riyadh to unify their ranks ahead of talks with Assad regime

A general view shows destroyed buildings in Aleppo's Sheikh Saeed district, on December 12, 2016, after Syrian pro-government forces retook the area from rebel fighters. (AFP PHOTO / GEORGE OURFALIAN)
A general view shows destroyed buildings in Aleppo's Sheikh Saeed district, on December 12, 2016, after Syrian pro-government forces retook the area from rebel fighters. (AFP PHOTO / GEORGE OURFALIAN)

RIYADH, Saudi Arabia (AFP) — Syria’s disparate opposition groups announced an agreement early Friday to send a united delegation to next week’s UN-brokered peace talks in Geneva, as international diplomatic efforts intensify to end the six-year conflict.

The announcement came on the second day of a Saudi-sponsored meeting in Riyadh, where around 140 opposition figures are gathered to unify their ranks before direct talks with Syrian President Bashar Assad’s regime on November 28.

Several rounds of talks hosted by the United Nations have failed to bring an end to the Syrian conflict, which has killed more than 330,000 people since 2011 and forced millions from their homes.

“We have agreed with the groups here in Riyadh, along with the Cairo and Moscow platforms, to form one united delegation to participate in the Geneva talks,” Syrian opposition member Bassma Kodmani told reporters in Riyadh.

Kodmani added that further meetings would be held on Friday to finalize the names and number of representatives each group would have in the 50-strong unified delegation.

The delegates at the meeting have been under heavy pressure to row back on some of their more radical demands after a series of battlefield victories that have given Assad’s regime the upper hand.

A Cairo-based Syrian opposition group agreed earlier Thursday to join ranks with other opposition clusters including the Saudi-backed High Negotiations Committee (HNC) — the largest bloc in the opposition — and the Istanbul-based National Coalition.

Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, right, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin, rear-centre, and Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani, left, sit during a meeting in Sochi, Russia, Wednesday, Nov. 22. 2017. Leaders of Turkey and Iran have arrived in Russia’s Sochi for the much-anticipated talks with President Vladimir Putin that are expected to focus on a political settlement for post-war Syria.(Kayhan Ozer/Pool via AP)

After prolonged discussions that dragged into the night, Moscow-based Syrian opposition group also appeared to have joined forces with that delegation.

But there were still lingering differences.

Assad fate

Kodami said the HNC and its closest allies maintained their longstanding demand that Assad steps down from power as a prerequisite for a transitional phase to end the Syrian war, prompting “reservations” from the Moscow group.

Several key opposition figures boycotted the meeting, including the Moscow group’s Jamil and Riad Hijab of the HNC.

Hijab stepped down as leader of the Saudi-backed HNC this week over “attempts to lower the ceiling of the revolution and prolong the regime”.

Assad’s fate has been a major stumbling block in multiple rounds of negotiations between the Syrian regime and the opposition.

Staffan de Mistura, the UN’s Syria envoy, attended the opening session of the Riyadh gathering on Wednesday and said the goal of the meeting was to give momentum to next week’s peace talks.

The Riyadh talks come as Syrian regime ally Russia is seeking to organise a “congress” to bring together Assad’s forces and various opposition groups to reinvigorate the hobbled peace process.

But Kodmani remained non-committal about the opposition’s participation, saying no dates or goals had been laid out for the Russian conference.

On Wednesday, Russian President Vladimir Putin hosted the leaders of Iran and Turkey for a key trilateral summit aimed at finding a political settlement of Syria’s conflict. Putin also met with Assad this week.

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