AFP — Avigdor Liberman, an immigrant from the former Soviet Union whose political career has been marked by strident populism, has gone from being Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s close ally to one of his biggest rivals.
Opinion polls show the ex-defense minister has gained support ahead of the September 17 elections following his stance against ultra-Orthodox Jewish parties, making him a potential kingmaker.
Born in the ex-Soviet republic of Moldova, Liberman, 61, emigrated to Israel in 1978, and retains a heavy accent when speaking Hebrew.
Upon arrival, the social sciences graduate worked for a time as a nightclub bouncer and also completed his military service.
Liberman started his career inside Netanyahu’s Likud and rose through the ranks to become the prime minister’s chief of staff during his first term from 1996 to 1999.
That year, he created the nationalist party Yisrael Beytenu, capturing the support of many of the more than one million Jews who emigrated to Israel from the former Soviet Union, an electoral base that has expanded considerably since.
Over the years, Liberman has held several portfolios, including foreign minister from 2009 to 2012, then again from 2013 to 2015.
As Israel’s top diplomat, he was the bane of the European Union, accusing it of following a pro-Palestinian policy hostile to Jews.
Liberman’s image was tainted by a corruption scandal that saw him leave government in 2012, but he was cleared of the charges and a year later he returned.
In November 2018, he resigned as defense minister over a Gaza ceasefire deal he considered a “capitulation to terror.”
His party won five seats in the April 2019 elections, but the staunchly secular nationalist refused to join a coalition under Netanyahu unless the potential ultra-Orthodox partners agreed to legislation on mandatory military service.
Most Jewish Israelis must serve in the military, but the ultra-Orthodox are given exemptions to allow them to pursue religious studies.
Liberman has made a number of controversial statements over the years.
In 2001, he advocated bombing the Aswan Dam in Egypt, accusing the Arab neighbor with which Israel is bound by a peace treaty of supporting a Palestinian uprising.
In 2014, he called Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas a “diplomatic terrorist.”
A year later, Liberman said that Israeli Arabs disloyal to the country “deserve to have their heads chopped off with an axe.”
And in 2016, he accused some Arab members of Knesset of being “representatives of terrorist organizations.”
Before becoming defense minister, he also said he would give Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh 48 hours to hand over two detained Israeli civilians and the bodies of soldiers killed in a 2014 war “or you’re dead.”
Liberman, who lives in Nokdim, a settlement near Bethlehem in the West Bank, says that he considers peace with the Palestinians unrealistic but is willing to try.
Polls predict his party would win 10 seats out of the 120 in parliament — meaning Netanyahu would likely again need Liberman to form a right-wing coalition.