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French minister throws support behind women soccer players in headscarf ban fight

Equality Minister Elisabeth Moreno backs Muslim players seeking to overturn ban under rules that also proscribe the kippah

French Junior Minister for Gender Equality Elisabeth Moreno speaks during a press briefing following the weekly cabinet meeting on Nov. 25, 2020 in Paris. ( Ludovic Marin / POOL via AP)
French Junior Minister for Gender Equality Elisabeth Moreno speaks during a press briefing following the weekly cabinet meeting on Nov. 25, 2020 in Paris. ( Ludovic Marin / POOL via AP)

PARIS — France’s gender equality minister threw her support on Thursday behind Muslim women soccer players who are seeking to overturn a ban on players wearing headscarves on the field.

Rules set by the French Football Federation currently prevent players taking part in competitive matches from wearing “ostentatious” religious symbols such as Muslim headscarves or the Jewish kippah.

A women’s collective known as “les Hijabeuses” launched a legal challenge to the rules in November last year, claiming they were discriminatory and infringed their right to practice their religion.

“The law says that these young women can wear a headscarf and play football. On football pitches today, headscarves are not forbidden. I want the law to be respected,” Equality Minister Elisabeth Moreno told LCI television.

Two months from French presidential elections, the issue has become a talking point in a country that maintains a strict form of secularism that is meant to separate the state and religion.

The French Senate, which is dominated by the right-wing Republicans party, proposed a law in January that would have banned the wearing of obvious religious symbols in all competitive sports.

It was rejected in the lower house on Wednesday where President Emmanuel Macron’s centrist Republic on the Move party and allies hold the majority.

Submission?

France’s laws on secularism guarantee religious freedom to all citizens, and contain no provisions on banning the wearing of religious symbols in public spaces, with the exception of full-face coverings which were outlawed in 2010.

Employees of state institutions are also forbidden from displaying their religion, as are schoolchildren.

Women look at veils on display at an exhibition hall for the Muslim World Fair in Le Bourget, outside Paris, Dec.17, 2011. (AP Photo/Christophe Ena)

Many right-wing politicians in France want to widen restrictions on the headscarf, seeing it as a political statement in support of Islamism and an affront to French values.

In recent years, they have proposed banning mothers accompanying children on school trips from wearing headscarves, and have sought to proscribe the full-body swimsuit known as the burkini.

Eric Ciotti, a hard-right MP from the conservative Republicans party, said Wednesday that the refusal of Macron’s party to support a ban on religious symbols in sport left “an awful aftertaste of submission.”

“Everywhere Islamism wants to impose its rules,” the ally of Republicans presidential candidate Valerie Pecresse said in parliament.

French right-wing Les Republicains (LR) party member of parliament Eric Ciotti speaks at the National Assembly in Paris, April 28, 2020 (David Niviere, Pool via AP)

“The veil is a prison for women, an object of submission and a negation of the individual,” he added to boos from the ruling party.

Moreno said Thursday that “in public space, women can dress as they like” before adding: “My fight is to protect those that are forced to wear the veil.”

Demonstration

A planned demonstration by “les Hijabeuses” collective in front of the French parliament on Wednesday was banned by city authorities on security grounds.

“We feel all of this is a great injustice,” Foune Diawara, a co-founder, told AFP in an interview in January. “We just want to play football. We’re not pro-Hijab activists, just football fans.”

In 2014, the International Football Association Board (IFAB) authorized women to wear headscarves in games after deciding that the hijab was a cultural rather than a religious symbol.

The French Football Federation argues that it is simply following French law, with the country’s top constitutional court set to rule on the issue following the appeal from “les Hijabeuses.”

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