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Iran stages rallies to mark 1979 US Embassy takeover amid nationwide protests

Demonstrators wave placards depicting Iranian drones being used in Ukraine, and of atoms, alluding to Tehran’s uranium enrichment; chant ‘Death to America! Death to Israel!’

Demonstrators flash the victory sign in front of an anti-US banner during an annual demonstration in front of the former U.S. Embassy in Tehran, Iran, Friday, Nov. 4, 2022.  (AP Photo/Vahid Salemi)
Demonstrators flash the victory sign in front of an anti-US banner during an annual demonstration in front of the former U.S. Embassy in Tehran, Iran, Friday, Nov. 4, 2022. (AP Photo/Vahid Salemi)

DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (AP) — Iran on Friday marked the 1979 takeover of the US Embassy in Tehran as its theocracy faces nationwide protests after the death of a 22-year-old woman earlier arrested by the country’s morality police.

Iranian state-run television aired live feeds of various counterprotests around the country, with some in Tehran waving placards of the triangle-shaped Iranian drones Russia now uses to strike targets in its war on Ukraine. But while crowds in Tehran looked large with chador-wearing women waving the Islamic Republic’s flag, other protests in the country appeared smaller, with only a few dozen people taking part.

Iran’s hard-line President Ebrahim Raisi, speaking to people gathered in front of the former US Embassy, criticized those protesting the theocracy.

“Anyone taking the smallest step in the direction of breaching security and riots, must know that they are stepping in the direction of enemies of the Islamic Revolution,” he said. “Americans think they can execute the plan they carried out in some countries like Syria and Libya here. What a false dream!”

Demonstrators also waved effigies of French President Emmanuel Macron and Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. Signs and chants from the crowd called out: “Death to America! Death to Israel!”

Demonstrators burn representations of the US and Israeli flags as Uncle Sam character reacts during an annual demonstration in front of the former US.Embassy in Tehran, Iran, Friday, Nov. 4, 2022. (AP Photo/Vahid Salemi)

The demonstrations that have convulsed Iran for more than six weeks after the death of Mahsa Amini, following her arrest by the country’s morality police, mark one of the biggest challenges to the country’s clerical rulers since they seized power in the 1979 Islamic Revolution. At least 300 protesters have been killed and 14,000 arrested since the unrest began, according to human rights activists in Iran.

Hardliners within Iran long have bussed government workers and others into such Nov. 4 demonstrations, which have a carnival-like feel for the students and others taking part on Taleqani Street in downtown Tehran.

This year, however, it remained clear that Iran’s theocracy hopes to energize its hardline base. Some signs read “We Are Obedient To The Leader,” referring to 83-year-old Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who has the final say over all matters of state in the country. The weekslong demonstrations have included cries calling for Khamenei’s death and the overthrow of the government.

The annual commemoration marks when student demonstrators climbed over the fence at the embassy on Nov. 4, 1979, angered by then-President Jimmy Carter allowing the fatally ill Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi to receive cancer treatment in the United States.

The students soon took over the entire, leafy compound. A few staffers fled and hid in the home of the Canadian ambassador to Iran before escaping the country with the help of the CIA, a story dramatized in the 2012 film “Argo.”

The 444-day crisis transfixed America, as nightly images of blindfolded hostages played on television sets across the nation. Iran finally let all the captives go the day that Carter left office on Ronald Reagan’s inauguration day in 1981.

In this Nov. 13, 1979 file photo, Iranian demonstrators burn an effigy of Uncle Sam, branded with CIA on its right arm outside the US Embassy in Tehran, during a demonstration in support of the Iranian militants who took over the embassy on November 4. (AP Photo, File)

That enmity between Iran and the US has ebbed and surged over the decades since. The US and world powers reached a nuclear deal with Iran in 2015 that drastically curtailed its program in exchange for the lifting of international sanctions. However, then-president Donald Trump unilaterally withdrew from the deal in 2018, sparking years of tensions since.

Late Thursday in California at a rally before the US midterm elections, President Joe Biden also stopped his speech to address a crowd that held up cellphones displaying the message “FREE IRAN.”

“Don’t worry, we’re gonna free Iran,” Biden said in an aside during a campaign rally for Democratic Rep. Mike Levin. He added, “They’re gonna free themselves pretty soon.”

Biden had said he was willing to have the US rejoin the nuclear deal, but talks have broken down. Since the protests began in mid-September, the American position appears to have hardened with officials saying restoring the deal isn’t a priority amid the demonstrations.

On Friday, some protesters waved giant placards of atoms as a reminder that Iran now enriches uranium to its closer than ever to weapons-grade levels. Non-proliferation experts warn Iran now has enough enriched uranium to make at least one nuclear weapon if it chose, though Tehran insists its program is peaceful.

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