Jerusalem provides first ever municipal waste removal services to Shuafat camp
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Jerusalem provides first ever municipal waste removal services to Shuafat camp

City sanitation workers enter Palestinian refugee camp as part of outgoing Mayor Barkat’s plan to replace UNRWA and oust it from capital

A Jerusalem municipality vehicle operates in the Shuafat refugee camp on October 23, 2018. (Jerusalem municipality)
A Jerusalem municipality vehicle operates in the Shuafat refugee camp on October 23, 2018. (Jerusalem municipality)

Jerusalem’s city hall said Tuesday that 15 municipal sanitation workers entered the Shuafat Palestinian refugee camp for the first time ever to carry out trash removal and other cleaning services, in what has been branded part of outgoing Mayor Nir Barkat’s plan to expel UNRWA from Jerusalem and “end the refugee lie.”

The move was ordered by Barkat, who wants to outlaw the UN agency for Palestinian refugees from operating in the city and providing services to Palestinian residents in the camp which was founded in 1965 and is home to some 20,000 residents.

According to the city, workers found hundreds of tons of untended garbage and construction waste. They will start entering the camp daily to gradually take over what the city called UNRWA’s “inadequate services.”

The municipality will also start to provide “far superior” education, health, and other services to the area, to replace UNRWA, it said in a statement.

Jerusalem Mayor Nir Barkat holds a press conference at the Jerusalem Municipality regarding his dispute with the Finance Ministry over the city’s budget, on January 1, 2018. (Flash90)

While in the Jerusalem city limits, municipal workers, police, and others have never entered the Shuafat camp, which is situated beyond the West Bank security barrier, leading to charges of official neglect. Barkat, who has been mayor since 2008, has blamed the shortfall in services on UNRWA, which has recently had its funding slashed by the US amid accusations that it serves as a political tool against Israel.

The move came a week before Jerusalem is set to choose a new mayor. Barkat, who visited the Shuafat camp Tuesday, is not running for re-election and it is not clear if his successor will continue the services.

“The era of UNRWA in Jerusalem is over,” Barkat said during his visit. “The time has come to stop the refugee lie in Jerusalem. There are no refugees in our city, only residents. They must receive their services from the municipality like any other resident.

The Shuafat refugee camp in East Jerusalem. (Miriam Alster/Flash90)

“We are implementing the first phase of the UNRWA evacuation plan by taking responsibility for the cleanliness of the camp, and in the near future, together with the government, we will also provide education, welfare, and health services there until full sovereignty is achieved,” he added. “The United States does not want UNRWA, Israel does not want UNRWA, and the residents do not want UNRWA.”

Earlier this month, Barkat detailed his proposal, according to which the seven UNRWA-run schools — with a total of 1,800 students — which operate without a license from the Education Ministry will be closed at the end of the current academic year, and the pupils absorbed into existing municipal schools.

A Jerusalem sanitation worker sweeps a street in the Shuafat refugee camp on October 23, 2018. (Jerusalem municipality)

The municipality will also issue closure orders for UNRWA’s medical centers, which operate without approval from the Health Ministry, and construct a new public health center in their place, Barkat said.

Existing UNRWA-run welfare programs operating within the Shuafat camp and nearby Kufr Aqeb will continue but will be transferred to the governance municipality welfare and employment services, according to Barkat’s plan.

In March, Barkat announced he would not seek a third term in municipal elections scheduled for October 30 and will instead run for Knesset on the Likud party ticket.

His replacement as mayor would not be bound by the plans prepared by Barkat’s committee.

The United States was the biggest contributor to the agency’s budget in 2017, donating 350 million dollars. The US State Department said recently it would no longer fund UNRWA because it was “irredeemably flawed.”

In its announcement of the cuts to UNRWA, the US State Department castigated the agency for what it called “failed practices,” and indicated that it rejected the criteria by which UNRWA defines Palestinian refugees, whereby the UN agency confers refugee status not only on original refugees but on their millions of descendants.

UNRWA has provided aid to millions of Palestinians since it was established nearly 70 years ago, just after the 1948 Israel-Arab war, known in Israel as the War of Independence, in 1948.

UNRWA recognizes over 5 million Palestinians as refugees, even though there are only several tens of thousands of original Palestinian refugees still alive. Palestinian leaders demand a “right of return” to today’s Israel for all these millions — a demand Israel sees as a bid to destroy Israel as a majority-Jewish state. Because UNRWA, uniquely, confers refugee status on descendants of the original refugees, Israel charges UNRWA with perpetuating that demand for a “return” of millions. Under the UN’s global criteria, it is estimated that there would be only some half a million recognized Palestinian refugees.

Stuart Winer contributed to this report.

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