Palestinian women earn far less than male counterparts, report finds
search

Palestinian women earn far less than male counterparts, report finds

PA Central Bureau of Statistics says wage gap stands at 27 percent, with females less likely to receive promotions and bonuses

Dov Lieber is The Times of Israel's Arab affairs correspondent.

Illustrative: Workers doing data entry at the offices of Unit One in Gaza City (Mahmud Hams / AFP)
Illustrative: Workers doing data entry at the offices of Unit One in Gaza City (Mahmud Hams / AFP)

Palestinian women earn 27 percent less than their male counterparts on average, according to a report released by the Palestinian central bureau of statistics (PCBS) on the occasion of International Women’s Day.

According to the new statistics, the average daily wage for a woman in the West Bank and Gaza was NIS 83.3 compared to NIS 114.1 for men.

Dr. Fadwa al-Labadi, a women studies professor at Al-Quds University in Jerusalem, gave three reasons for the large gender wage gap among Palestinians.

She said women are not given bonuses for husbands and children, while men are given bonuses relative to the size of their families.

A Palestinian woman works at a SodaStream factory on February 2, 2014 in the Mishor Adumim industrial park, next to the Maale Adumim. (Nati Shohat/Flash90)
A Palestinian woman works at a SodaStream factory on February 2, 2014 in the Mishor Adumim industrial park, next to the Maale Adumim. (Nati Shohat/Flash90)

She also said women are paid less by their employers, who believe their female employees are not the bread winners for their families.

Lastly, she said women with equal qualifications to their male counterparts were less likely to be promoted to higher paying positions.

A 2016 report by the International Labor Organization found that the wage gap among Palestinians decreased with university education attainment, from nearly 50% with just a high-school education, down to 13% with a bachelor’s or master’s degree.

However, educated Palestinian women are facing high unemployment. In 2015, according to the PCBS, women with 13 years of education had a 48% unemployment rate. The general unemployment rate in 2015 was 39.2% among women, and 22.5% among men.

Women are also underrepresented in the Palestinian work force, according to the Palestinian PCBS report. The female Palestinian participation rate in the labor force was 19.3%, while the male participation rate was 71.6%.

The female participation rate, however, has nearly doubled in the past 15 years, from 10.3% in 2001, to 19.3% in 2016.

Hanan Ashwari, who is the only woman in the 18-member Executive Committee of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), said in a statement for Women’s Day that “The Palestinian woman is a basic partner in nation-building and in weaving a just social fabric in Palestine.”

She added: “She is also an authentic partner in safeguarding pluralism, democracy, social justice, and equality in compliance with the Palestinian Declaration of Independence that calls for ‘equal rights, free of ethnic, religious, racial or sexual discrimination.”

 

Join us!
A message from the Editor of Times of Israel
David Horovitz

The Times of Israel covers one of the most complicated, and contentious, parts of the world. Determined to keep readers fully informed and enable them to form and flesh out their own opinions, The Times of Israel has gradually established itself as the leading source of independent and fair-minded journalism on Israel, the region and the Jewish world.

We've achieved this by investing ever-greater resources in our journalism while keeping all of the content on our site free.

Unlike many other news sites, we have not put up a paywall. But we would like to invite readers who can afford to do so, and for whom The Times of Israel has become important, to help support our journalism by joining The Times of Israel Community. Join now and for as little as $6 a month you can both help ensure our ongoing investment in quality journalism, and enjoy special status and benefits as a Times of Israel Community member.

Become a member of The Times of Israel Community
read more:
comments