Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said Tuesday the nuclear deal with Iran could not be preserved without some concessions from Tehran, Reuters reported, citing the Interfax news agency.
However, Ryabkov added that Moscow did not believe the accord could be amended to include limits on Iran’s actions in the Middle East or its ballistic missile program, as has been demanded by US President Donald Trump.
Ryabkov said the missile program was a legitimate measure by Tehran in preserving its security.
And he warned that Iran could yet follow in Washington’s footsteps in withdrawing from the 2015 accord.
Meanwhile, Iran’s foreign minister began talks in Brussels Tuesday on the final leg of a global tour rallying diplomatic support for the deal after the abrupt withdrawal by the United States.
Mohammad Javad Zarif said he had a “constructive meeting” with EU Foreign Policy Chief Federica Mogherini, Reuters reported.
“We are on the right track to make sure the interests of the remaining signatories of the (nuclear accord), especially Iran, are guaranteed,” he said.
Zarif will also hold talks with counterparts from Britain, France and Germany — the three European signatories to the landmark deal who are scrabbling to preserve it.
Tehran has warned it is preparing to resume “industrial-scale” uranium enrichment “without any restrictions” unless Europe can provide solid guarantees that it can maintain the economic benefits it gained from the nuclear agreement despite the US reimposing sanctions.
The EU insists the deal is working, pointing to repeated UN inspections verifying the Islamic Eepublic’s compliance with its side of the bargain, and Mogherini’s spokeswoman Maja Kocijancic told AFP ahead Zarif’s arrival that “we must do our utmost to preserve it.”
But European diplomats have sought to play down expectations of Tuesday’s meetings, stressing the enormous challenge of finding a way around US sanctions punishing foreign businesses trading with Iran, which have global reach.
European firms, especially those from France and Germany, rushed to invest in Iran following the 2015 agreement, under which Tehran agreed to freeze its nuclear program in return for the repeal of punishing international sanctions.
German exports to Iran totaled nearly 3 billion euros ($2.3 billion) in 2017, while French exports soared from 562 million euros ($670 million) in 2015 to 1.5 billion ($1.8 billion) in 2017 and oil giant Total has pledged to invest some $5 billion in the South Pars gas field.
When he quit the deal last week, Trump gave businesses a maximum of six months to wind up operations in Iran or face severe penalties under American sanctions.
Zarif’s meetings in Brussels cap a whirlwind global tour, including trips to both Russia and China, the two other signatory nations, in a bid to bolster support.
Washington’s decision to go against its European allies’ advice and abandon the deal has pushed them closer to Beijing and Moscow on the issue as diplomats scramble to keep the pact alive.
French President Emmanuel Macron held phone talks with his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin on Tuesday, according to a Kremlin statement, which said they had “confirmed Russia and France’s commitment to make the deal work.”
On Monday Zarif sent a letter to the United Nations in which he accused the US of showing a “complete disregard for international law” in pulling out of the deal.
Putin has already spoken with German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan about efforts to save the accord, after voicing his “deep concern” over Trump’s decision.
And on Monday Putin met Yukiya Amano, the head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, telling him that Russia was “ready to continue to uphold the Iran nuclear deal despite the withdrawal of the United States.”
On Sunday, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said Washington still wants to work with Europe to counter Iran’s “malign behavior” and was working hard to thrash out a more wide-ranging deal with its European partners.
But while he talked up the prospect of renewed coordination with America’s allies, another top aide reminded Europe its companies could face sanctions if they continue to do business with the Middle Eastern power.
Russian efforts to save the accord will boost its role as a power player in the Middle East, after its intervention on the side of Bashar Assad’s regime in Syria.
This, along with its diplomatic moves to orchestrate an end to the Syrian conflict, has put Moscow at loggerheads with the US and Europe, which have intervened against the regime.
Merkel is set to visit Russia and meet Putin in the Black Sea resort of Sochi on Friday, while French President Emmanuel Macron will be in Saint Petersburg later this month for an economic forum.