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Trial opens in murder of French Holocaust survivor

Prosecutors are treating the 2018 killing of Mireille Knoll, who was stabbed 11 times before her home was set on fire, as an antisemitic hate crime

A photograph of murdered Holocaust survivor Mireille Knoll is placed along with flowers on the fence surrounding her building in Paris on March 28, 2018. (Francois Guillot/AFP)
A photograph of murdered Holocaust survivor Mireille Knoll is placed along with flowers on the fence surrounding her building in Paris on March 28, 2018. (Francois Guillot/AFP)

PARIS (AFP) — Two men went on trial on Tuesday over the 2018 murder of an elderly Jewish woman that provoked protests and alarm in France about antisemitic crime.

The partly burned body of Mireille Knoll, 85, was found in her apartment in central Paris after she had been stabbed 11 times and her home was set on fire.

President Emmanuel Macron attended the funeral of the Holocaust survivor, who escaped a notorious 1942 roundup of more than 13,000 Jews in Paris by fleeing with her mother to Portugal when she was nine years old.

Two men have been charged with her killing, a 25-year-old homeless man with psychiatric problems and the 31-year-old son of one of Kroll’s neighbors.

The pair, who met in prison and have past convictions for theft and violence, both deny killing the frail and immobile grandmother and each blames the other for her death.

“We will need a miracle for the truth to come out of their mouths,” Gilles-William Goldnadel, a lawyer acting for Knoll’s family, told reporters as he entered the court, adding that it was a case of “antisemitism motivated by financial gain.”

Participants walk behind banners holding placards during a silent march in Paris in memory of Mireille Knoll, an 85-year-old Jewish woman murdered in her home in what police believe was an antisemitic attack, held on on March 28, 2018. (Francois Guillot/AFP)

Prosecutors are treating the murder as an antisemitic hate crime because one of the men said he had overheard the other “talking about Jews’ money and their wealth” and that he shouted “Allahu Akbar” (Arabic for “God is greatest”) while stabbing her.

The investigation had also shown one of the suspects, named as Yacine Mihoub, had an “ambivalent” attitude towards Islamic extremism, prosecutors claim.

“They’re monsters,” Knoll’s son, Daniel Knoll, told reporters on Tuesday. “We are expecting a very severe verdict.”

Both Mihoub, 31, and co-accused Alex Carrimbacus, 25, were present in court for the trial which is due to last until November 10.

The murder was the latest in a series of attacks that have horrified France’s 500,000-strong Jewish community and exacerbated concern about how rising Islamic extremism is fueling antisemitism.

An estimated 30,000 people took part in a silent march in Knoll’s memory in March 2018 that was attended by government ministers and the heads of France’s political parties.

Mireille Knoll, center, with her son Daniel and granddaughter Jessica. (Daniel Knoll via AP)

One of the organizers, Sabrina Moise, said at that the time that while she “loves France” she felt it was “no longer safe for Jews because of galloping antisemitism.”

In 2012, Islamist gunman Mohamed Merah shot dead three children and a teacher at a Jewish school in the southwestern city of Toulouse. Three years later, a gunman killed four people in a hostage-taking at a Jewish supermarket in the French capital.

And in 2017, an Orthodox Jewish woman in her sixties, Sarah Halimi, was thrown out of the window of her Paris flat by a neighbor shouting “Allahu Akhbar.” France’s highest court ruled in April that the killer, Kobili Traore, was not criminally responsible for crime after succumbing to a “delirious fit” under the influence of drugs and could not go on trial.

That ruling infuriated the victim’s family as well as Jewish groups, and prompted Macron to urge a change in French law to ensure people face responsibility for violent crimes while under the influence of drugs. It also prompted protests in France and also Israel.

Speaking about Knoll, Macron had said her killer “murdered an innocent and vulnerable woman because she was Jewish and in doing so sullied our most sacred values and our memory.”

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