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Poll: Neither Fatah nor Hamas would win majority in coming election

Survey suggests factions could be forced to partner in next government, following first planned Palestinian parliamentary election in 15 years scheduled for May

Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas (left) and Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh (Flash90, Said Khatib/AFP)
Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas (left) and Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh (Flash90, Said Khatib/AFP)

Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas’ Fatah party and his rivals in the Hamas terror group would each fall well short of a parliamentary majority if elections are held in May as planned, according to a poll released Tuesday.

This would force the factions to partner with each other or with smaller parties to form a government.

Abbas has decreed Palestinian elections for May 22 in what would be the first general vote since terror group Hamas won a landslide victory in 2006. The process appears to be on track, but disputes between the long-feuding factions could still cause the vote to be delayed or canceled.

The poll by the Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research found that if elections were held today a single Fatah list would win 43 percent of the vote and Hamas would win 30%, and some 8% would vote for various other factions, with 18% of voters undecided.

But a potential run by Mohammed Dahlan, a former senior Fatah leader who had a falling out with Abbas and is based in the United Arab Emirates, would win 10%. And Nasser al-Qidwa, who was kicked out of Fatah, could win 7% if he runs. They would mainly draw votes from Fatah, dropping its share to around 30%, the poll said.

Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas, right, casts his ballot during voting for local elections in the West Bank town of Ramallah on Dec. 15, 2005. (AP Photo/Muhammed Muheisen)

The well-regarded PCPSR carried out face-to-face interviews with 1,200 Palestinians across the West Bank and Gaza, with a margin of error of 3%.

PCPSR director Khalil Shikaki said Fatah is seen as best able to address most of voters’ top concerns, including restoring national unity, improving the economy and lifting the Israeli-Egyptian blockade of Gaza that was imposed after Hamas seized power in 2007. But Fatah’s internal rivalries could weaken it vis-à-vis the more disciplined and unified Hamas.

“Both Fatah and Hamas have major problems,” Shikaki told reporters. “Hamas’s main problem is the perception that it cannot address the major challenges. Fatah’s major problem is the splits.”

He said it appears unlikely that even a late swing toward Hamas would be enough for the group to repeat its shock victory of 2006. That led to months of factional bickering culminating in a week of street battles in Gaza in which Hamas drove out forces loyal to Abbas.

Since then, Hamas’s rule of Gaza has eroded in popularity, and the lavish lifestyle adopted by some of its exiled leaders means it can no longer campaign as a scrappy underdog that puts its principles ahead of material comforts.

“It seems clear that Hamas does not have a chance to have a majority in the parliament,” Shikaki said, adding that the most likely scenario would be a national unity government or a Fatah-led coalition including smaller parties.

He cautioned, however, that unforeseen events — such as a prisoner exchange between Hamas and Israel or Israel’s targeted killing of a senior terrorist — could swing public opinion in Hamas’s favor between now and the election.

A Palestinian man casts a ballot during elections for the Fatah movement in the Nablus area, on the outskirts of the West Bank city of Nablus, January 23, 2021. (Nasser Ishtayeh/Flash90)

It’s unclear how the international community would respond to the formation of a government led by or including Hamas, which has fought three wars with Israel and is considered a terrorist group by Western countries. The international boycott of Hamas following the 2006 elections was one of the main factors driving the internal rift.

Shikaki said most voters seem to have taken the possible consequences of a Hamas victory into consideration, which may account for some of Fatah’s popularity.

“People’s decisions regarding which party to vote for seem to be clearly based on cost-benefit calculations,” he said.

Times of Israel staff contributed to this report.

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