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Anne Frank’s earlier death dispels notion that she could have been saved

Teen diarist now believed to have died in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in February, not March 1945

Anne Frank, age 12, at her school desk in Amsterdam in 1941. (AP Photo)
Anne Frank, age 12, at her school desk in Amsterdam in 1941. (AP Photo)

Teenage Jewish diarist Anne Frank likely died of typhus in a Nazi concentration camp about a month earlier than previously thought, the Amsterdam museum that honors her memory said Tuesday on the 70th anniversary of the officially recognized date of her death. And this finding, researcher Erika Pins said, dispels the notion that she might have been rescued had she lived a little longer.

Anne likely died, aged 15, at Bergen-Belsen camp in February 1945, said Prins, a researcher at the Anne Frank House museum.

Frank’s diary about hiding from the Nazis in the occupied Netherlands during World War II was published after the war. It became an international best-seller and made her an enduring symbol of Holocaust victims.

The new date of her death changes little about the tragic lives of Anne and her sister Margot, who went into hiding with their family in an Amsterdam canal house but were eventually betrayed, sent to Nazi concentration camps and died in the Holocaust along with millions of other Jews.

‘When you say they died at the end of March, it gives you a feeling that they died just before liberation. So maybe if they’d lived two more weeks …,’ Prins said, her voice trailing off. ‘Well, that’s not true anymore’

“It was horrible. It was terrible. And it still is,” Prins said.

But she said the new date lays to rest the idea that the sisters could have been rescued if they had lived just a little longer.

“When you say they died at the end of March, it gives you a feeling that they died just before liberation. So maybe if they’d lived two more weeks …,” Prins said, her voice trailing off. “Well, that’s not true anymore.”

Allied forces liberated the Nazis’ Bergen-Belsen concentration camp on April 15, 1945.

Portraits of Anne, her sister Margot, and mother Edith, inside the Anne Frank House. (photo credit: Matt Lebovic)
Portraits of Anne, her sister Margot, and mother Edith, inside the Anne Frank House. (photo credit: Matt Lebovic)

The earlier March 31 date of Anne’s death was set by Dutch authorities after the war, based on accounts suggesting she and her sister died sometime in March. At the time, Dutch officials did not have the resources to establish an exact date.

The new research studied existing eyewitness accounts, documents and archives, including at least one new interview. Witness accounts said Anne and her sister already showed signs of typhus in early February. Researchers cited Dutch health authorities as saying most typhus deaths happen around 12 days after the first symptoms.

“In view of this, the date of their death is more likely to be sometime in February. The exact date is unknown,” the researchers said.

In the words of one witness, Rachel van Amerongen, who knew the Frank sisters and was cited by researchers, “one day they simply weren’t there anymore.”New research by the Anne Frank House in Amsterdam shows that the teenage diarist died earlier than previously believed.

The exact date of Anne Frank’s death from typhus in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp is unknown.

At the end of World War II the Red Cross officially concluded that she died sometime during March 1945.

But new research conducted into the last months of sisters Anne and Margot Frank by researchers at the Anne Frank House has concluded that they died in February 1945.

The researchers used the archives of the Red Cross, the International Tracing Service in Bad Arolsen, and the Bergen-Belsen Memorial, in addition to as many eyewitness testimonies of survivors as possible, according to a statement from the Anne Frank House, published Tuesday on the 70th anniversary of the official date of the sisters’ deaths set by Dutch authorities after the war.

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