Baghdadi ‘The Ghost’: World jihad’s low-profile boss
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Baghdadi ‘The Ghost’: World jihad’s low-profile boss

Reclusive Islamic State leader announced caliphate in Grand Mosque in June 2014 and hasn't been seen since

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi delivering a sermon at Mosul's al-Nuri mosque in Iraq during his supposed first public appearance, July 5, 2014. (AP Photo/Militant video, File)
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi delivering a sermon at Mosul's al-Nuri mosque in Iraq during his supposed first public appearance, July 5, 2014. (AP Photo/Militant video, File)

BAGHDAD, Iraq (AFP) — Discreet in his youth and invisible as the world’s most wanted man, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi rose through the ranks quietly and patiently to become global jihad’s undisputed supremo.

The reclusive jihadist chief made his only known public appearance as “caliph” at Friday prayers on June 29, 2014 at the Grand Mosque of al-Nuri in Mosul, where, on Sunday, Iraq declared victory over Baghdadi’s Islamic State group after a grueling battle.

That appearance made the mosque a symbol of IS rule, and the jihadists did not allow it to be captured intact, blowing it and its famed leaning minaret up in June as Iraqi forces closed in.

The 46-year-old Iraqi-born leader of the IS, nicknamed “The Ghost,” has not been seen in public since his 2014 visit to the mosque, and the fortunes of his “caliphate” have since taken a drastic turn for the worse.

Members of the Iraqi Counter-Terrorism Service (CTS) gather outside the destroyed gate of the Al-Nuri Mosque while others inspect the interiors, in the Old City of Mosul on July 2, 2017, during the Iraqi government forces' offensive to retake the city from Islamic State (IS) group fighters. (AFP PHOTO / AHMAD AL-RUBAYE)
Members of the Iraqi Counter-Terrorism Service (CTS) gather outside the destroyed gate of the Al-Nuri Mosque while others inspect the interiors, in the Old City of Mosul on July 2, 2017, during the Iraqi government forces’ offensive to retake the city from Islamic State (IS) group fighters. (AFP PHOTO / AHMAD AL-RUBAYE)

The world’s most-wanted man has been rumored wounded or killed a number of times in the past, and while he was said to have left Mosul earlier this year, his whereabouts were never confirmed.

Introvert

His low profile — a perfect antithesis to Osama bin Laden — is partly what Baghdadi, who has a $25-million US bounty on his head, has owed his rise as well as his survival to.

The man who in 2014 became the overlord of a jihadist state ruling over millions of inhabitants was born Ibrahim Awad al-Badri to a modest family in Samarra, north of Baghdad.

Baghdadi’s high school results were too modest to undertake a law degree and his eyesight too bad to join the army, so he moved to the capital to study Islam, settling in the neighborhood of Tobchi.

Chief of Staff of the Iraqi Army, Staff Lieutenant-General Othman al-Ghanimi (3rd-L), along with Counter-Terrorism Service (CTS) commander Staff Lieutenant-General Abdul Ghani al-Asadi (2nd-L), gather for a group photo with the Iraqi national flag raised at the site where Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi gave his first sermon as leader of the Islamic State (IS) group in the Grand Mosque of Al-Nuri in 2014, on July 2, 2017, during the Iraqi government forces' offensive to retake the city from IS. (AFP PHOTO / AHMAD AL-RUBAYE)
Chief of Staff of the Iraqi Army, Staff Lieutenant-General Othman al-Ghanimi (3rd-L), along with Counter-Terrorism Service (CTS) commander Staff Lieutenant-General Abdul Ghani al-Asadi (2nd-L), during the Iraqi government forces’ offensive to retake the city from IS, on July 2, 2017, at the site where Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi had given his first sermon as leader of the Islamic State (IS) group in the Grand Mosque of Al-Nuri in 2014. . (AFP PHOTO / AHMAD AL-RUBAYE)

After US-led forces invaded Iraq in 2003, he founded his own insurgent outfit.

It never carried out major attacks, however, and by the time he was arrested in February 2004 and detained at the Camp Bucca facility, he was still very much a second or third-tier jihadist.

Strategist

The US prison in southern Iraq, which was later dubbed “the University of Jihad,” was where he started showing signs of the leader he is now.

He was released at the end of 2004 for lack of evidence. Iraqi security services arrested him twice subsequently, in 2007 and 2012, but let him go because they did not know who he was.

In 2005, he pledged allegiance to Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, the brutal leader of one of IS’s many previous incarnations.

A picture taken on July 2, 2017, shows the view from the destroyed gate of Al-Nuri Mosque in the Old City of Mosul, during the Iraqi government forces' offensive to retake the city from Islamic State (IS) group fighters. (AFP PHOTO / AHMAD AL-RUBAYE)
The view from the destroyed gate of Al-Nuri Mosque in the Old City of Mosul, during the Iraqi government forces’ offensive to retake the city from Islamic State (IS) group fighters, July 2, 2017. (AFP PHOTO / AHMAD AL-RUBAYE)

Zarqawi was killed in 2006 and Baghdadi took over from his successor, who was also eliminated, in 2010.

He revived the fortunes of Iraq’s struggling Al-Qaeda affiliate, the Islamic State of Iraq (ISI), turning it into the independent IS group, expanding into Syria in 2013 and then launching its sweeping offensive in Iraq in 2014.

Baghdadi grew up in a family divided between a religious clan and another of officers loyal to Saddam Hussein’s secular Baath party.

Rapist

Years later, his masterstroke as a jihadist leader was arguably to incorporate the ex-Baathists his predecessors had either fought or ignored into his organisation.

It gave his leadership the military legitimacy he personally lacked and formed a solid backbone for the future IS group, whose extremist religious propaganda was combined with formidable guerrilla efficiency.

Smoke billows in the background behind the base of Mosul's destroyed ancient leaning minaret, known as the "Hadba" (Hunchback), in the Old City on June 30, 2017, where Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi gave his first sermon as leader of the Islamic State group and its ancient minaret. (AFP PHOTO / AHMAD AL-RUBAYE)
Smoke billows in the background behind the base of Mosul’s destroyed ancient leaning minaret, known as the “Hadba” (Hunchback), in the Old City on June 30, 2017, where Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi gave his first sermon as leader of the Islamic State group and its ancient minaret. (AFP PHOTO / AHMAD AL-RUBAYE)

Uncharismatic and an average orator, Baghdadi was described by his repudiated ex-wife Saja al-Dulaimi, who now lives in Lebanon, as a “normal family man” who was good with children.

Baghdadi is thought to have had three wives, Asma al-Kubaysi, Isra al-Qaysi — from Iraq and Syria — and another, more recent, from the Gulf.

He has also been accused of having repeatedly raped girls and women he kept as sex slaves, including a pre-teen Yazidi girl and the US aid worker Kayla Mueller who was subsequently killed.

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