Gabi Ashkenazi: Former Israeli army chief turns top diplomat

Gabi Ashkenazi: Former Israeli army chief turns top diplomat

Blue and White MK set to be appointed foreign minister in new government despite previous differences with Netanyahu

Blue and White MK Gabi Ashkenazi attends the annual Municipal Innovation Conference in Tel Aviv, February February 19, 2020. (Miriam Alster/Flash90)
Blue and White MK Gabi Ashkenazi attends the annual Municipal Innovation Conference in Tel Aviv, February February 19, 2020. (Miriam Alster/Flash90)

Israel’s incoming foreign minister, Gabi Ashkenazi, is the son of a Holocaust survivor and served as a special forces commando, spending nearly four decades in the military before entering politics.

A member of the centrist Blue and White Alliance, he has had his differences with right-wing Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, but is now poised to be his top envoy.

Ashkenazi, 66, a veteran of major combat operations and several high-profile commando missions, served as Israel’s army chief from 2007 to 2011 — a term that overlapped with Netanyahu’s second stint as premier from 2009.

He was replaced as army chief by Benny Gantz, now Netanyahu’s alternate premier, and then spent several years in the private sector leading an oil and gas exploration company.

When the married father of two entered politics last year, he declared his opposition to Netanyahu — who faces multiple graft charges, which he denies — saying that “leadership is about setting an example.”

“How can you be prime minister when you have been indicted three times?” he said.

Gantz’s decision to seek a coalition with Netanyahu, following three inconclusive elections in less than a year, fractured Blue and White.

While two of Blue and White’s top leaders — Yair Lapid and Moshe Ya’alon — broke with Gantz accusing him betrayal, Ashkenazi remained in the alliance, a decision that set him up for a prominent position in the unity government to be sworn on Thursday.

Then IDF chief of staff Gabi Ashkenazi, March 27, 2007. (Abir Sultan/Flash90)

Decorated soldier

Ashkenazi, the son of a Bulgarian Holocaust survivor and a Syrian-born mother, grew up in a lower income family in central Israel before earning degrees from Haifa University and Harvard Business School.

He joined the army in 1972 and fought in the Yom Kippur war a year later.

He also took part in Operation Entebbe in 1976, a daring commando raid to rescue hostages from a plane that had been hijacked by Palestinian and German militants and diverted to Uganda’s main airport.

Netanyahu’s brother Yonatan was killed in the operation.

Ashkenazi went on to take part in or lead a series of high-profile and sometimes controversial operations.

Turkey put Ashkenazi and three other Israeli military leaders on trial in absentia in 2012 over the deadly 2010 storming of the  Turkish activists’ ship Mavi Marmara that had been bound for Gaza.

He was army chief during Operation Cast Lead against Hamas in Gaza in 2008-2009.

View of the settlement of Ma’ale Adumin, in the West Bank overlooking the E1 area, January 4, 2017. (Yaniv Nadav/Flash90)

Annexation question

In Ashkenazi’s new role, military credentials may prove less immediately relevant than his stance on Israel’s possible move to annex parts of the West Bank.

The terms of the Netanyahu-Gantz agreement allow the government to begin legislative action towards annexing those areas from July 1, in accordance with provisions laid out under the Trump administration peace plan.

The US administration has said it would recognize Israeli sovereignty over the entire Jordan Valley and all Israeli settlements across the West Bank in exchange for assurances that Jerusalem would be ready to negotiate a peace deal with the Palestinians based on Trump’s plan.

US President Donald Trump’s initiative has been rejected by the Palestinians and criticized by much of the international community. Any moves to implement it will likely cause diplomatic uproar, notably from the European Union.

A month after Trump’s plan was announced in January, in the middle of the Israeli election campaign, Ashkenazi described it as “an opportunity to make history and realize the vision of the State of Israel.”

However, former US president Barack Obama’s ambassador to Israel, Daniel Shapiro, told AFP this week that he believes Ashkenazi is “lukewarm on annexation, at best.”

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo met with Netanyahu, Gantz and Ashkenazi on Wednesday for talks about various issues, including the coronavirus pandemic, Iran’s ongoing regional aggression, the China-US trade war and Israel’s involvement in it, and Trump’s so-called deal of the century.

Various reports suggested that the administration may want to ask the Israeli government not to rush into applying sovereignty, but Pompeo has repeatedly said that annexation is an Israeli decision.

Pompeo said Wednesday at the conclusion of the trip that the incoming Israeli government has “the right and the obligation” to decide if and how it wants to apply sovereignty over the West Bank.

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