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Turkey to shut hundreds of schools in anti-coup measure

Over 600 institutions to be shuttered as Erdogan claims education system infiltrated by subversive opposition leaders

A Turkish girl wearing a headband bearing the name of Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan during a pro-government demonstration in front of the old parliament building, in Ankara, Turkey, July 20, 2016. (AP Photo/Hussein Malla)
A Turkish girl wearing a headband bearing the name of Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan during a pro-government demonstration in front of the old parliament building, in Ankara, Turkey, July 20, 2016. (AP Photo/Hussein Malla)

ANKARA, Turkey (AP) — Cracking down on alleged subversives in education, Turkey said Wednesday that it will close more than 600 private schools and dormitories following an attempted coup, spurring fears that the state’s move against perceived enemies is throwing key institutions in the NATO ally into disarray.

The government of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said it has fired nearly 22,000 education ministry workers, mostly teachers, taken steps to revoke the licenses of 21,000 other teachers at private schools and sacked or detained half a dozen university presidents in a campaign to root out alleged supporters of a US-based Muslim cleric blamed for the botched insurrection on Friday.

The targeting of education ties in with Erdogan’s belief that the cleric, Fethullah Gulen, whose followers run a worldwide network of schools, seeks to infiltrate the Turkish education system and other institutions in order to bend the country to his will. The cleric’s movement, which espouses moderation and multi-faith harmony, says it is a scapegoat for what it describes as the president’s increasingly autocratic conduct.

While Erdogan is seeking to consolidate the power of his elected government in the wake of the attempt to oust him, his crackdown could further polarize a country that once enjoyed a reputation for relative stability in the turbulent Mideast region. It also raises questions about the effectiveness of the military, courts and other institutions that are now being purged.

A woman mourns over a coffin of a victim of the coup attempt on July 17, 2016 in Ankara during a funeral ceremony. (AFP PHOTO / ADEM ALTAN)
A woman mourns over a coffin of a victim of the coup attempt on July 17, 2016 in Ankara during a funeral ceremony. (AFP PHOTO / ADEM ALTAN)

“The fact that so many judges have been detained, never mind the workload at the courthouses, will render them inoperable,” said Vildan Yirmibesoglu, a human rights lawyer. “How they will fill the vacancies, I don’t know.”

The education ministry said it decided to close 626 private schools and other establishments that are under investigation for “crimes against the constitutional order and the running of that order,” the state-run Anadolu news agency reported.

The agency said the schools are linked to Gulen, a former ally of Erdogan who lives in self-imposed exile in Pennsylvania and has denied accusations that he engineered the coup attempt that was quashed by security forces and protesters loyal to the government.

Turkey has repeatedly named Gulen as the instigator of its turmoil and demands his extradition from the United States, which has said any such process must follow the law. The two allies cooperate in the US-led war against the Islamic State group, with American military planes flying missions from Turkey’s Incirlik air base into neighboring Iraq and Syria.

Turkish cleric and opponent to the Erdogan regime Fethullah Gülen addresses at his residence in Saylorsburg, Pennsylvania on July 18, 2016 allegations by the Turkish government about his involvement in the attempted July 15 coup. (AFP/Thomas URBAIN)
Turkish cleric and opponent to the Erdogan regime Fethullah Gülen addresses at his residence in Saylorsburg, Pennsylvania on July 18, 2016 allegations by the Turkish government about his involvement in the attempted July 15 coup. (AFP/Thomas URBAIN)

Turkey’s domestic situation is increasingly a concern as the government seeks to rid broad sectors of society of alleged antagonists. Huseyin Ozev, an education union leader in Istanbul, said state education workers who were reported to have been fired had not received notices and that employees were “waiting at home or on vacation, anxiously,” to see if they had lost their jobs.

Any workers suspected of wrongdoing should undergo a formal investigation and the fight against coup plotters “should not be turned into a witch hunt,” Ozev said.

In other moves against education, Turkey demanded the resignations of 1,577 university deans and halted foreign assignments for state-employed academics. A total of 50,000 civil service employees have been fired in the purges, which have reached Turkey’s national intelligence service and the prime minister’s office.

Erdogan held an emergency meeting of Cabinet ministers and security advisers late Wednesday. The president, who has said he narrowly escaped being killed or captured by renegade military units, previously declared that an “important decision” would be announced after the meeting.

Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan heads an emergency meeting of the National Security Council, July 20, 2016. (Kayhan Ozer/Presidential Press Service, Pool via AP)
Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan heads an emergency meeting of the National Security Council, July 20, 2016. (Kayhan Ozer/Presidential Press Service, Pool via AP)

The government has also revoked the press credentials of 34 journalists because of alleged ties to Gulen’s movement, Turkish media reported. A satirical magazine, Leman, said authorities blocked the distribution of a special edition over its cover featuring a caricature in which two mysterious hands play a game of strategy, one pushing soldiers onto the board and the other responding by sending civilians.

Authorities have rounded up close to 9,000 people — including 115 generals, 350 officers and some 4,800 other military personnel — for alleged involvement in the coup attempt. Turkey’s defense ministry has also sacked at least 262 military court judges and prosecutors, according to Turkish media reports.

The coup has led to public anger and calls for the government to reinstate the death penalty, a demand that Erdogan has said he will consider.

Hasan Ay, a municipal worker in Istanbul, said he wanted coup ringleaders to be executed.

“I am not talking about the private soldiers. They said on television that some of the privates were innocent,” Ay said.

Turkish anti-riot police escort soldiers who allegedly took part in a military coup, as they leave a courthouse in Istanbul on July 16, 2016. (AFP PHOTO/OZAN KOSE)
Turkish anti-riot police escort soldiers who allegedly took part in a military coup, as they leave a courthouse in Istanbul on July 16, 2016. (AFP PHOTO/OZAN KOSE)

The instability is hurting confidence in the Turkish economy. The Turkish currency dropped 1.8 percent against the US dollar Wednesday, trading at a low for the year of just over 3 lira to the dollar.

Officials have raised the death toll from the violence surrounding the coup attempt to 240 government supporters. At least 24 coup plotters were also killed.

The purges against suspected Gulen supporters follow earlier aggressive moves by Erdogan’s administration against Gulen loyalists in the government, police and judiciary following corruption probes targeting Erdogan associates and family members in late 2013 — prosecutions the government says were orchestrated by Gulen.

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