Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s new government must take steps to freeze settlements that are threatening to “kill the very possibility of reaching peace,” the UN’s Middle East envoy said Thursday.
In his final report to the Security Council as Middle East coordinator, Robert Serry said “I frankly do not know if it is already too late” to revive peace talks aimed at the establishment of a Palestinian state.
“The minimum conditions of trust cannot be restored without the new Israeli government taking credible steps to freeze settlement activity,” the Dutch diplomat told the 15-member council.
The appeal from the top UN envoy came as Netanyahu began talks on forming a new government after vowing in a campaign speech that he would not allow the establishment of a Palestinian state under his watch.
The Israeli prime minister later backtracked on his comments but the US administration appeared unconvinced while UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon urged Netanyahu to renew his commitment to a two-state solution.
Netanyahu said the Middle East had become more treacherous since he first made his commitment in principle to a two-state solution, but he stressed after winning last week’s elections that he had not repudiated that commitment and that he remained a supporter of what he called a sustainable, peaceful two-state solution.
“Illegal settlement activity cannot be reconciled with the objective of a negotiated two-state solution and may kill the very possibility of reaching peace on the paradigm of two states for two peoples,” Serry said.
The envoy said he was “frankly concerned” by Netanyahu’s pre-election remarks and urged the incoming Israeli government to “quickly demonstrate in words, and more importantly by actions” a commitment to peace.
Serry, who served seven years as the UN’s point man on the Middle East, told the council in his parting thoughts that the Israeli-Palestinian peace process had become a “can (that) is kicked down an endless road.”
He suggested that the Security Council could step in, at the appropriate time, to present a “framework for negotiations, including parameters” to achieve peace.
Serry will be replaced by Bulgarian diplomat Nickolay Mladenov, who has served as the UN envoy in Iraq.