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Bulgarian Jewish leader falsely accused of embezzling, then targeted by antisemitism

Hospital denies media claims that Dr. Aleksander Oscar, president of a local Jewish organization, was ever accused of filing fraudulent medical reports

Dr. Aleksander Hugo Oscar (Courtesy via JTA)
Dr. Aleksander Hugo Oscar (Courtesy via JTA)

JTA — A major Bulgarian media outlet has issued an apology to Aleksander Oscar, an ophthalmologist and the president of the Shalom organization of Jews in Bulgaria, for falsely accusing him of embezzling money from Bulgaria’s national health insurance fund.

The Shalom and World Jewish Congress organizations had called much of the criticism of Oscar antisemitic in nature and said the ordeal led to an increase in online antisemitism in Bulgaria.

“The publisher and editorial team at Pik.bg apologizes to associate professor Dr. Aleksander Hugo Oscar for incorrect information about the activities and personality of Dr. Oscar presented in articles in the media in the period of March 2020 – November 2021,” the news site wrote last month.

Oscar, a former board member of Sofia’s Alexandrovska Medical Centre, was accused of draining 178,000 lev. — about $100,000 — from Bulgaria’s National Health Fund through fraudulent reports of non-existent hospitalizations, examinations and treatments.

In November, several Bulgarian media outlets reported that the health fund had demanded that Oscar return the funds, and no longer see outpatients or work with the National Health Fund. They also said that after an appeal by Oscar, an internal commission of the fund was reviewing the documents. Many of the reports highlighted Oscar’s role as president of Shalom.

In a statement issued in November, the hospital denied the claims of theft and said no investigation of Oscar was underway.

The Alexandrovska University Hospital in Sofia, Bulgaria. (Ivan Ivanov, CC BY-SA 3.0, Wikimedia Commons)

The statement ended with a quote from 19th-century German leader Otto von Bismark, suggesting a conspiracy. “Most lie before the war, during elections and after a hunt,” the hospital wrote.

In a report on the scandal prepared by Shalom, Oscar also denied the allegations.

“There have been no fake hospitalizations; There is no documentary fraud; I am not banned from working with the health insurance fund,” Oscar wrote. “I work with the health insurance fund as a doctor at the Alexandrovska University Hospital; I am not banned from performing outpatient activities (I examine 100-120 patients on a weekly basis); I have not syphoned[sic] the Health Insurance Fund; I have not appealed against a sanction of the health insurance fund, because to date neither I nor the Alexandrovska Medical Centre know of any such sanction.”

According to Shalom, the articles kicked off a wave of antisemitism on social media.

“It is not clear who and for what purpose tried to discredit both Assoc. Prof. Oscar and the entire Jewish community in Bulgaria,” the Shalom report said, “but it is a fact that this case led to numerous accusations and insulting qualifications such as: ‘Jewish bastard,’ ‘Jews are crooks,’ ‘Jews are scum,’ ‘Jews are thieves’ and a number of other similar qualifications.”

Oscar told the Jewish Telegraphic Agency that he believes the accusations were planted by Bulgaria’s previous health minister, Dr. Kostadin Angelov, because Oscar blew the whistle on instances of corruption involving Angelov last year.

Oscar also believes the reports were retaliation for his public support for the centrist We Continue the Change Party, known by their Bulgarian initials as PP, which earned the most seats in Bulgaria’s third national election of 2021 last fall. (Parliamentary parties had trouble forming a majority coalition in previous elections, similar to the situation in Israel in 2020 and 2021.)

Supporters of the political party ‘We Continue the Change’ look at a voting machine in central Sofia, Bulgaria, Nov. 10, 2021. (AP Photo/Valentina Petrova)

“This fake campaign coincidentally happened just two days prior to the last elections,” Oscar said. “They wanted somehow to tarnish the image of the new political party just a few days before the elections.”

The PP Party has received wide support from the Jewish community and other minorities in Bulgaria as the opposition to nationalist parties who had previously come to power amid the COVID-19 pandemic.

The new government’s minister of innovation and growth is Daniel Lorer, also a member of the Jewish community. His rise to prominence sparked antisemitic backlash from his political opponents in Bulgaria’s nationalist Revival party.

“We should not overlook the additional antisemitic sentiments, which escalated after the candidate for vice president of the Vazrazhdane [Revival] Party, Ms. Elena Guncheva, in her posting of 10 October 2021 allowed herself to comment on Daniel Lorer’s entry into politics that this is the ‘land of Bulgarians’ and Jews are ‘only guests’ here,” Shalom wrote in its same report on the Oscar scandal.

“Ms. Guncheva continued to provoke the public against the Jewish community, using the uproar surrounding Assoc. Prof. Oscar,” the group added. “Supporters of the Vazrazhdane Party reiterated en masse already familiar stereotypes and conspiracy theories that ‘our greatest troubles have always come from the Jews.’”

A Jewish man reads prayers in a synagogue in Sofia, Bulgaria, on July 19, 2012. (AP Photo/Valentina Petrova)

Following the reports, Oscar said he received emails laden with antisemitic slurs.

“The word ‘chifut’ (kikes) used in the above-mentioned e-mail has greatly disturbed Holocaust survivors and the other members of the Jewish community in Bulgaria,” the Shalom report claimed.

The World Jewish Congress has also stepped up in defense of Oscar, arguing that the accusations have antisemitic undertones.

“Despite the fact that both Dr. Oscar and the hospital that employs him have unambiguously repudiated the false and pernicious accusations made against Dr. Oscar, these accusations, which also involve conspiracy theories involving the entire Jewish community, have been perpetuated by certain media outlets in Bulgaria and then via the internet by ordinary citizens as well as nationalist groups,” the WJC said in a statement. “Through his many civil society engagements, he has consistently fought against all forms of hate speech and discrimination and worked to protect democracy.”

The WJC added that they will be appealing to the European Commission Coordinator for Combating Antisemitism for greater EU protection for Jewish institutions.

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