DUBAI, United Arab Emirates — Oman’s sultan arrives in Saudi Arabia to meet with the Saudi king, starting the first visit by an Omani ruler in years against the backdrop of renewed diplomatic efforts to end the war in Yemen and the sultanate’s worsening economic woes.
With trumpets blaring and fighter jets streaking overhead, Sultan Haitham bin Tariq Al Said lands in Neom, a futuristic desert city planned along the kingdom’s Red Sea coast. Saudi Arabia’s powerful crown prince, Mohammed bin Salman, greets him on the tarmac and guides him down a long lavender carpet for palace meetings as regional tensions simmer and his government faces growing stress at home.
تلبية لدعوة من #خادم_الحرمين_الشريفين.. سلطان عُمان يصل إلى #نيوم في زيارة دولة للمملكة.. وسمو #ولي_العهد في مقدمة مستقبليه في مطار خليج نيوم.#السلطان_هيثم_يزور_المملكة
— واس الأخبار الملكية (@spagov) July 11, 2021
The choice to make Saudi Arabia Sultan Haitham’s first foreign destination since taking power last year signals the states’ mutual self-interest and Oman’s respect for the influence of Saudi Arabia, the spiritual anchor of the Sunni Muslim world and the region’s largest economy with its vast oil reserves.
Sultan Haitham ascended the throne after the death of the long-ruling Sultan Qaboos bin Said, whose public appearances grew scarce as he aged. Sultan Qaboos traveled abroad frequently for medical treatments toward the end of his tenure but steered clear of the pomp and pageantry of visits to fellow Gulf Arab sheikhdoms.
Oman, sandwiched between Saudi Arabia and its archrival Iran, has long played the role of neutral mediator, particularly in efforts to settle the seven-year-old conflict in Yemen. The costly war, pitting a Saudi-led military coalition against Iran-backed Houthi rebels, has spawned the world’s worst humanitarian crisis and settled into a bloody stalemate, increasingly compelling the kingdom to cool tensions with Iran and seek a way out of the quagmire.