Morocco’s House of Memory spotlights Jewish-Muslim coexistence
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Morocco’s House of Memory spotlights Jewish-Muslim coexistence

Project showcases objects donated by local families alongside stories of members of the Jewish community; King Mohammed VI visits center to examine artifacts and hear of the work

Andre Azoulay, adviser to the Moroccan king, poses for a picture at the 'Bayt Dakira' (House of Memory) Jewish museum, in Morocco's Atlantic coastal city of Essaouira on December 14, 2019 (FADEL SENNA / AFP)
Andre Azoulay, adviser to the Moroccan king, poses for a picture at the 'Bayt Dakira' (House of Memory) Jewish museum, in Morocco's Atlantic coastal city of Essaouira on December 14, 2019 (FADEL SENNA / AFP)

In the old quarter of Morocco’s coastal city of Essaouira, a newly opened “House of Memory” has been dedicated to the historic coexistence of its Jewish and Muslim communities.

Nestled in a narrow alleyway among labyrinthine lanes, Bayt Dakira (House of Memory) is situated in a former family home of wealthy traders, who added a small synagogue decorated with woodwork and carved furnishings.

The restored building “testifies to a period when Islam and Judaism had an exceptional closeness, complicity and intimacy,” said Andre Azoulay, an adviser to King Mohammed VI.

Azoulay, himself a member of Essaouira’s Jewish community, launched the project in partnership with Morocco’s culture ministry.

Morocco’s King Mohammed VI visits ‘House of Memory’ dedicated to the historic coexistence of its Jewish and Muslim communities, Essaouira, Morocco, January 15, 2020 (Screen grab via Channel 12)

“We said to ourselves: We’re going to let our patrimony speak, and protect what was the art of living together in mutual respect,” he said.

His daughter Audrey Azoulay, who is director-general of the UN cultural agency UNESCO, was also present last Wednesday when the king made an official visit to the center.

The king examined Jewish artifacts and listened as Chief Rabbi David Pinto offered a prayer for the monarch’s wellbeing.

In the evening, the king hosted a dinner in honor of members of the Moroccan Jewish community, the North Africa Post reported.

Countering ‘amnesia’

Bayt Dakira showcases objects donated by local families alongside stories of members of the Jewish community from the southwestern city on the Atlantic.

They include Leslie Belisha (1893-1957), who was Britain’s minister of finance, transport and war, and David Yulee Levy (1810-1886), considered the first Jew elected to the United States Senate.

A panel lists Jewish royal advisers from Essaouira, including Azoulay, who was called to the palace in 1991 by Hassan II, the late father of Mohammed.

Bayt Dakira also houses old photographs, archive footage, musical recordings, traditional dress and religious objects.

Upstairs will house a research center.

Andre Azoulay, adviser to the Moroccan king, poses for a picture at the ‘Bayt Dakira’ (House of Memory) Jewish museum, in Morocco’s Atlantic coastal city of Essaouira on December 14, 2019 (FADEL SENNA / AFP)

At the time of Sultan Mohamed III, who in the 18th century transformed the small port into a diplomatic and commercial hub, Essaouira was “the only city in the Islamic world with a majority Jewish population,” the 78-year-old royal adviser said.

Azoulay’s goal is to turn his city’s history into a symbol of “the art of the possible,” and push back against what he called “amnesia, regression and archaism.”

At one point, Essaouira had 37 synagogues, but most have fallen into ruin.

Ancient community

The Jewish community has been present in Morocco since antiquity and grew over the centuries, particularly with the arrival of Jews expelled from Spain by the Catholic kings after 1492.

Many Jews were forced to flee or were expelled from Arab countries, including Morocco, after the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, while violent Arab riots left many Jews dead or injured.

There was a further increase in hostilities after Israel’s victory in the Six Day War in 1967, which led to the emigration of the last great wave of Jews from Morocco.

Essaouira was largely forgotten during the French protectorate (1912-1956), but has experienced a gradual rebirth since the early 1990s, turning into a tourist destination and cultural beacon.

Illustrative — The inside of one of the last remaining synagogues in Essaouira, Morocco (photo credit: russavia/Wikimedia Commons/File)

It is not the only city to house a memorial to the country’s Judeo-Moroccan heritage, something which the king often highlights. Cemeteries, synagogues and historic Jewish quarters are also being restored.

Since 1997, Casablanca has housed a Moroccan Jewish Museum, the only one of its kind in the Arab world. And in Fez, the country’s spiritual capital, a museum dedicated to the Jewish memory is under construction.

While the kingdom doesn’t have official ties with Israel, thousands of Jews of Moroccan descent visit every year — including from the Jewish state.

They come to rediscover the land of their ancestors, celebrate religious events or make pilgrimages.

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