In an extraordinary statement Saturday, the head of the Shin Bet internal security service Nadav Argaman warned of rising incitement and hate speech on social media, and the danger that it will spark political violence, as the coalition that aims to oust incumbent Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu appears increasingly likely to be sworn in.
“We have recently identified a serious rise and radicalization in violent and inciting discourse, specifically on social media,” Argaman said, warning that such online speech could lead some groups or individuals to take violent action and even harm others.
“This discourse may be interpreted among certain groups or individuals as one that allows violent and illegal activity and could even lead to harm to individuals,” he said.
As the so-called “change government” has become increasingly likely, right-wing social discourse has become increasingly alarmist, with frequent declarations that the government bringing together the right, center and left could doom Israel and bring about dark times, angry protests outside politicians homes, the burning of political posters, and allegations of treason issued via traditional and social media.
The leaders of the right-wing Yamina party Naftali Bennett and Ayelet Shaked have come under intense attacks from others on the right for their decision to join the so-called “change government,” and have had their security increased due to the potential threats to their safety. Netanyahu has declared that the new government endangers the Land of Israel, the State of Israel, and the Israel Defense Forces.
Argaman said politicians, public opinion leaders, religious figures, and educators across the political spectrum must speak clearly against any violence.
“It is our duty to come out with a clear and decisive call for an immediate cessation of the inciting and violent speech. The responsibility for restraining the discourse rests on the shoulders of us all,” he added.
Channel 13 said the security establishment is concerned at the possibility of “physical harm” to Bennett, the prime minister-designate, and the members of his Yamina party, “religious Zionists who are facing… calls for physical violence against them.”
An unnamed security official told the TV station: “We are familiar with this: Somebody will read this [material castigating the planned new government] and will think that he has to ‘save the country’ — that if the change government is established, the Zionist project will be over — and will take action.”
Argaman and the Shin Bet fear that somebody will “misinterpret” the criticisms of the planned change government, the TV report said, “will grab a weapon, will carry out a violent act, and will harm either Bennett or one of the MKs” heading into the change government.
The report said the Shin Bet does not have any specific alerts regarding concrete threats to Bennett or members of his party, but that Argaman chose to sound the alarm over the fear that “we are getting closer and closer to 1995, to the months before the Rabin assassination.”
Argaman issued his warning, it said, amid ongoing Shin Bet monitoring of the “social media discourse,” having seen a “very significant surge in recent days of references to ‘treason against the state,’ [and the ostensible imperative to] ‘save the state from the change government’.”
During protests outside the homes of Yamina members over the past week, some characterized Bennett’s move to sit in a coalition with centrist Yesh Atid and the Islamist Ra’am party as “treason,” and carried placards proclaiming “Leftists. Traitors.”
Political incitement, and in particular the use of the term “traitor,” is a highly contentious issue in Israel as it is an accusation that was made by right-wing protesters against prime minister Yitzhak Rabin before he was assassinated in 1995 by a far-right Jewish extremist. The incitement against Rabin, which included him regularly being called a traitor by protesters, was seen as contributing to the motivation of his killer Yigal Amir.
On Friday, Netanyahu posted a message on Facebook referencing the weekly Torah portion and the attempts to form a government booting him from power, invoking the Biblical account of the spies who sought to weaken “the spirit of the people.”
“In this week’s Torah reading, we read about the spies — representatives of the Israeli people who spread false reports about the Land and weakened the spirit of the people out of concern for their own personal interests,” he wrote.
“Two members of this group did not agree to lie. Yehoshua Bin-Nun and Calev Ben-Yefuneh contradicted [the others] and assured the people of Israel: “The land we traversed and scouted is exceedingly good.
“The Land is exceedingly good, and in our generation too, in our time, those who were elected with the votes of the right must stand up and do the right thing: establish a strong, good, right-wing government that will protect the Land of Israel, the citizens of Israel and the State of Israel.”
(With the exceptions of Yehoshua and Calev, the spies are said to have been struck down by a plague and died.)
“It seems we have not learned the necessary lessons from past events,” Defense Minister Benny Gantz tweeted on Saturday, referring to the 1995 assassination, in the wake of the Shin Bet warning.
“Anyone who tries to deny the legitimacy of basic democratic processes and ignites the fire of incitement, also bears responsibility,” Gantz said, adding that he calls on everyone, especially public leaders, to speak out against the incitement.
Likud MK and Finance Minister Israel Katz said he joined the warning against incitement. “You can have a profound argument without crossing dangerous lines. We all have the responsibility to act this way,” Katz said.
Yesh Atid MK Merav Ben Ari tweeted: “No MK should have to go through this, the violence against them comes from the Prime Minister’s Residence].”
Meanwhile the head of the Religious Zionism Party, Bezalel Smotrich responded with disdain.
“Several weeks ago Jewish citizens were killed and wounded here in severe rioting carried out by many of Israel’s Arabs. The Shin Bet under your leadership did not expect, warn of prepare for this in advance,” he tweeted. “Israelis deserve an explanation as to where you were, and how you missed the incitement and nationalism ahead of those riots.”
Likud’s Transportation Minister Miri Regev vowed to “continue to protest the theft of right-wing votes in a democratic and dignified manner, without violence.” She also complained of alleged “censorship and violation of the right to protest, while painting the entire right-wing camp as violent and dangerous.”The eight-party coalition that aims to oust Netanyahu appears increasingly likely to secure the necessary majority support in the Knesset in a vote likely to be held either next Wednesday, June 9, or on Monday, June 14. The assessment among all members of the change bloc, led by PM-designate Bennett and Yesh Atid leader Yair Lapid, is that the coalition will indeed be sworn in, according to Friday television reports.
On Thursday morning, the Shin Bet said its unit that protects the top officials of the state, Unit 730, had placed a security detail around Bennett, the coalition-to-be’s first prime minister. Security had already been increased last month in response to threats against his life, the party said at the time.
Last week, the Knesset Guard decided to increase security for Yamina party No. 2 MK Ayelet Shaked as she and party leader faced threats from right-wing activists.
On Tuesday, Meretz MK Tamar Zandberg took her family out of their home following a string of threats against her and her baby daughter, in the wake of false information published about her proposed legislation to restrict the proselytizing of minors.
On Saturday, Zandberg said the Shin Bet message was “referring directly to Netanyahu and his entourage, who operate a well-oiled hate machine with results that it is impossible not to think can lead to murder.”