For many Golan Druze, voting in first-ever municipal election remains taboo

Court ruling allowing Druze cities to directly elect representatives for the first time does little to break longstanding boycott of Israeli electoral system

Druze residents of Majdal Shams in the Golan Heights set ablaze makeshift ballot papers during a protest on October 19, 2018. (Jalaa Marey/AFP)
Druze residents of Majdal Shams in the Golan Heights set ablaze makeshift ballot papers during a protest on October 19, 2018. (Jalaa Marey/AFP)

AFP — An election poster at the entrance to Majdal Shams in the Golan Heights offers a rare reminder that the Druze community is about to vote for the first time in more than 50 years.

As across Israel, the residents of this mountainous region will have the chance to cast their ballots on October 30 for their local councils.

But for the Druze of the Golan plateau these elections are different — and far more controversial.

Israel captured the strategic region from Syria in 1967 in the Six Day War, and later annexed it in a move not recognized by the international community.

Now many fear the push for a vote represents another bid by the Jewish state to cement its sovereignty.

Such is the discontent that there has been a campaign to boycott the poll and a string of candidates have pulled out.

Druze residents of Majdal Shams in the Israeli-annexed Golan Heights protest against the municipal elections on October 19, 2018. Banner in Arabic reads: ‘Your rejection of the election is respecting your mind.’ (Jalaa Marey/AFP)

Dolan Abu Saleh, 40, is still in the race.

But he is not holding any public meetings or events and has to content himself with meeting a few voters in his offices.

“It is very sensitive,” he told AFP.

Saleh, who is close to the Likud party of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, recognizes that calls for a boycott will likely keep most people from casting their ballots.

But he insists that for the Druze living in the Israeli Golan, this vote is a good opportunity to help make their voices heard.

Before now Saleh had served two terms as mayor of Majdal Shams, elected both times by local council members who were themselves appointed by Israel’s Interior Ministry.

“Between being appointed and being elected, there is no doubt that an election is more democratic,” he says.

‘Not for us’

The majority of the 23,000 Druze in the Golan have never opted to become Israeli citizens, according to Saleh.

But most are “permanent residents” of the Jewish state who are allowed to vote in the election, while only those who got citizenship can run for office.

Druze candidate for municipal election Dolan Abu Saleh speaks with journalists in the Druze village of Majdal Shams on October 21, 2018 in the Golan Heights. (Jalaa Marey/AFP)

This vote is taking place after a group of Druze lawyers petitioned Israel’s Supreme Court for the right to hold it so they can elect a mayor who will improve services for their community.

But the influential religious leadership has campaigned against them and, although there is little sign of enthusiasm, the community usually abides by their decisions.

In the village of Buqata, residents shut their front doors or shrug their shoulders when questions are asked about the election.

“We are not taking part,” says an elderly woman dressed traditionally in black with a white veil.

Amal Abu Shahin, 47, points at a Syrian flag painted on the wall behind him as he makes his point.

“We are Syrian,” he says. “This vote is not for us.”

But the war in Syria has changed the relationship between many in the community and their one-time homeland.

Where once Druze from the region  dreamed of going to study or work in Syria, now the seven-year conflict has seen more and more youths turn their hopes towards Israel out of pragmatism.

“I’m for the elections, we’re with Israel now, Syria is over!”, says a 24-year-old man, who refuses to give his name.

This picture shows Druze residents of the village of Buqata in the Golan Heights on October 21, 2018. (Jalaa Marey/AFP)

But despite that he will not cast a ballot.

“There are people who will check who will vote or not,” he explains.

‘Choose the right person’

Political activist Sameh Samara says he can’t understand the calls to boycott the vote.

Sitting in his house he insists it could help bring better services and rejects the claim it will bolster Israeli claims of sovereignty.

It is better “to choose the right person, a child of this earth, rather than have someone imposed on us who is not suitable and not from here,” he says.

But from his balcony overlooking Majdal Shams and the disputed frontier 500 meters (yards) away, rights activist Wael Tarabieh holds a different opinion.

Druze men sit in the village of Majdal Shams in the Golan Heights on October 19, 2018. (Jalaa Marey/AFP)

Across the divide that snakes through the mountains lies Syria, where almost everyone here has relatives still living.

And for him the election is an attempt to further cement decades of Israeli rule.

“It is a way to get recognition for the fundamentally illegal presence of Israel,” he says.

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