Iraqi forces dodge bombs, booby traps in bid to retake Ramadi
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Iraqi forces dodge bombs, booby traps in bid to retake Ramadi

Fewer than 400 Islamic State fighters are said left in city, as troops advance to recapture strategic area

Iraqi counterterrorism forces drive a tank past rubble south of the Anbar province's capital of Ramadi, on December 24, 2015. (AFP/STR)
Iraqi counterterrorism forces drive a tank past rubble south of the Anbar province's capital of Ramadi, on December 24, 2015. (AFP/STR)

BAGHDAD, Iraq (AFP) — Iraqi forces dodged sniper fire, car bombs, roadside bombs and booby traps as they battled Friday to root out jihadist fighters hunkered down in a strategic compound in central Ramadi.

Elite forces from the counter-terrorism service (CTS) faced limited resistance when they punched into central Ramadi four days earlier, in a final push to retake the city they lost to the Islamic State (IS) group in May.

Jihadist fighters concentrated their defense around the main government complex in the Hoz neighborhood and now Iraqi forces are struggling to break in.

“We are facing many obstacles, mostly snipers and car bombs,” said one CTS fighter, 1st Lieutenant Bashar Hussein, from a position in Dhubbat neighborhood, just south of Hoz.

The terrain allows a small number of determined men to hold off a larger force.

Iraqi soldiers were around 500 meters (yards) away from the compound on Thursday and had only inched a little closer by Friday.

Smoke billows as Iraqi counter-terrorism forces advance south of the Anbar province's capital Ramadi on December 24, 2015. (AFP / STR)
Smoke billows as Iraqi counterterrorism forces advance south of the Anbar province’s capital of Ramadi, December 24, 2015. (AFP/STR)

“Daesh [IS] resistance got stiffer as Iraqi forces moved closer to the government compound,” said an army brigadier general, speaking to AFP on condition of anonymity.

“Our forces are now just over 300 meters away from those buildings,” he said.

The number of IS fighters still holding out in the city was estimated at fewer than 400, with reports of some retreating from the front by using civilians as human shields.

“Operations to liberate Ramadi need time. It isn’t easy to retake it quickly,” said Ibrahim al-Fahdawi, the head of the security committee for nearby Khaldiya district.

“Booby-trapped houses, suicide attacks, improvised explosive devices, snipers, mortars, rockets: Daesh (IS) is using everything it’s got to stop the progress of the security forces,” said Fahdawi.

IS posted several statements online over the past two days claiming to have inflicted serious losses in multiple attacks across Ramadi.

Iraqi security officials only admitted to limited casualties and said they were able to repulse suicide car bomb attacks.

The loss of Ramadi, which lies about 100 kilometers (60 miles) west of Baghdad, was Baghdad’s most stinging defeat in the war against IS since the jihadists took over a third of the country last year.

A key component of IS’s victory in May was the use of dozens of massive suicide car bombs to blitz government positions but, more than six months on, the security forces came prepared.

“They’ve tried but they’ve had less success for several reasons,” said Colonel Steve Warren, spokesman for the US-led coalition that has been carrying out daily airstrikes.

“Both Iraqis and the coalition have become much better at identifying these threats earlier on,” he said.

“The Iraqis have been equipped with AT4 shoulder-fired anti-armor rockets, so the coalition has trained them on how to deploy these weapons, provided them with 5,000 of them and the Iraqis have used them to great effect,” Warren said.

Also slowing the security forces’ advance was the presence of civilians trapped in their homes.

Dozens of families that had stayed in central Ramadi, many of them prevented from leaving by IS when the security forces launched their big push on Tuesday, have managed to flee.

But Fahdawi said dozens remained trapped, mostly in the neighborhoods of Al-Thaylah and Al-Jamaiyah.

“Daesh detained all the men and left the women and children in their homes… It may be because they want to prevent a revolt against them from what’s left of the male population,” he said.

The operation to retake Ramadi started months ago with Iraqi forces cutting IS supply lines to parts of Anbar before gradually closing in on the city, taking key bridges, roads and positions one after the other.

Retaking the city would provide a welcome morale boost to the much-criticized military.

It would also isolate the IS bastion of Fallujah, further down the Euphrates valley on the way to Baghdad, and continue to shrink the “caliphate” IS proclaimed last year.

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