The Jerusalem Magistrate’s Court on Tuesday issued an injunction against an ultra-Orthodox girls’ school that took over part of a secular Beit Shemesh public school, ordering it to leave the building amid protests over a “creeping conquest” into secular institutions in the deeply divided city.
After parents and teachers at the secular school protested the partitioning of half of the building by the local municipality for a Haredi Orthodox girls’ school, the court on Tuesday backed the Education Ministry in declaring the Orthodox school illegal and ordering its closure.
In its ruling, the court said it “prohibits” the ultra-Orthodox institution “from using any part of the Safot V’Tarbuyot School building without a written permit from the Education Ministry,” ordering it to close.
Earlier this week, protests erupted after a floor for the building was separated for use by the Haredi school, called Mishkenot Daat, by city construction workers who erected an 8-foot-high wall down the middle of the schoolyard.
Many parents of the secular school kept their children home from school on Monday due to the controversy, with others demonstrating outside the entrance to the school, in the Ramat Beit Shemesh neighborhood.
A day earlier, a large protest organized by the secular parents left one teacher lightly hurt, Israel Radio reported.
The secular parents received the backing of the Education Ministry, which said in a statement it “vehemently opposed” the measure, according to the Walla news website.
“This is a creeping conquest of the institution whose ultimate goal is closing the school, as Haredim are not capable of learning together with the secular,” Moshe Sheetrit, a municipality board member affiliated with Likud, said.
Sheetrit called on Education Minister Shai Piron to intervene, and accused the decision-makers of “blurring secular identity in Ramat Beit Shemesh Alef.”
Beit Shemesh city hall announced recently that female ultra-Orthodox students would be allowed to use empty classrooms in the secular school, due to what they said was a severe lack of classroom space in the area.
The school is the last non-ultra-Orthodox state institution in the largely Haredi enclave, is considered one of the most prestigious schools in the area, and prides itself on its pluralistic character and exposure to other cultures, according to its website.
The city has been home to rising sectarian tensions over the last several years as secular residents claim marginalization by a growing, and in some corners increasingly radical, ultra-Orthodox population.
A highly charged election won by Haredi Mayor Moshe Abutbul last year was recalled due to fraud allegations, though he won a second round as well against secular challenger Eli Cohen, leading to some calls to split the city in two.
Responding to the backlash, the Beit Shemesh municipality argued that the ultra-Orthodox residents of the area lacked sufficient classroom space, and said the building housing the secular school has the capacity for 500 students — but only 140 are enrolled.
“As part of the role of the municipality to open the school year and grant all children of the city, of all sectors, a suitable place to learn, the municipality saw fit to take the empty classes in the Safot V’Tarbuyot school grounds and accommodate female students from the ‘Mishkenot Da’at’ school living in that neighborhood, who have nowhere to learn, nor even a place to establish temporary structures,” it said in a statement.
The municipality also stated that many of the secular students commute to the institution from Beit Shemesh proper, “where there is an opposite trend of dozens of empty classrooms,” while the ultra-Orthodox students who live in Ramat Beit Shemesh have nowhere to learn.
The municipality had attempted to allow ultra-Orthodox students to study in the institution in 2009, but the move was barred by then-education minister Gideon Sa’ar, after parents expressed fierce opposition.
JTA contributed to this report.
The Times of Israel covers one of the most complicated, and contentious, parts of the world. Determined to keep readers fully informed and enable them to form and flesh out their own opinions, The Times of Israel has gradually established itself as the leading source of independent and fair-minded journalism on Israel, the region and the Jewish world.
We've achieved this by investing ever-greater resources in our journalism while keeping all of the content on our site free.
Unlike many other news sites, we have not put up a paywall. But we would like to invite readers who can afford to do so, and for whom The Times of Israel has become important, to help support our journalism by joining The Times of Israel Community. Join now and for as little as $6 a month you can both help ensure our ongoing investment in quality journalism, and enjoy special status and benefits as a Times of Israel Community member.