Throngs pay homage to Cuba’s Fidel Castro
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Throngs pay homage to Cuba’s Fidel Castro

Thousands of Cubans pay final respects to deceased leader at Revolution Square, site of some of his most famous speeches

The Cuban interior ministry building with the image of Ernesto "Che" Guevara and the Cuban flag fluttering at half mast at Havana's Revolution square, during Fidel Castro's memorial, on November 28, 2016 in Havana. (AFP Photo/Adalberto Roque)
The Cuban interior ministry building with the image of Ernesto "Che" Guevara and the Cuban flag fluttering at half mast at Havana's Revolution square, during Fidel Castro's memorial, on November 28, 2016 in Havana. (AFP Photo/Adalberto Roque)

HAVANA, Cuba (AFP) — Throngs of Cubans streamed onto Havana’s iconic Revolution Square to pay tribute to Fidel Castro on Monday, kicking off an emotional, week-long farewell to the divisive Cold War titan.

Long lines of mourners, many of whom had been waiting since before dawn, filled the square as the memorial began with a salvo of 21 cannon shots from a colonial fort overlooking Havana harbor.

They filed silently past a black-and-white picture of “El Comandante” as a young, black-bearded revolutionary, many clutching bouquets of flowers, and many in tears.

Lourdes Rivera, a 66-year-old retired civil servant, was so overcome with emotion while waiting in line that she sat on a curb and cried.

“He’s the father of all Cubans. My dad was my dad, but he couldn’t give me what [Castro] gave me. He gave me everything. My freedom. My dignity,” she said.

People queue to pay their last respects to Cuban revolutionary icon Fidel Castro kicking off a series of memorials in Havana, on November 28, 2016. (AFP PHOTO/PEDRO PARDO)
People queue to pay their last respects to Cuban revolutionary icon Fidel Castro kicking off a series of memorials in Havana, on November 28, 2016. (AFP PHOTO/PEDRO PARDO)

Castro, whose 1959 revolution toppled a dictatorship with the promise of bringing justice and equality to the Caribbean island, was a towering figure of the 20th century.

While some saw him as a socialist hero who brought education and free health care, others labeled him a “tyrant,” who caused economic hardship and sparked an exodus of Cubans seeking a better life.

Hundreds of thousands of people are expected to swarm Revolution Square, where Castro would often rail against the US “empire” during his legendary, marathon speeches.

Many mourners were dressed in state uniforms — school children, soldiers, veterans, doctors, and customs officers.

Luis Modesto Garcia, who at 77 is one of the last survivors of Castro’s band of rebels, called the late leader a “father.”

“We always saw him that way. Everything I know I owe to him,” he said.

“There will never be another like him,” 84-year-old Teresa Oquendo said between sobs.

Terminator Trump?

In a sign of changing times, US President Barack Obama visited Revolution Square during his historic visit to Havana in March, when he became the first US leader since 1928 to step foot in Cuba, a nation of 11 million people.

President Barack Obama, left, shakes hands with Cuban President Raul Castro during their meeting at the Palace of the Revolution, in Havana, Cuba, March 21. (AP/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)
President Barack Obama, left, shakes hands with Cuban President Raul Castro during their meeting at the Palace of the Revolution, in Havana, Cuba, March 21. (AP/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)

In 2014, Fidel’s brother and successor, Raul Castro, announced a diplomatic detente with Obama, who has lifted some trade barriers. On Monday, the first regular flights from the United States to the Cuban capital resumed.

But US President-elect Donald Trump renewed a threat to end the thaw unless Havana makes concessions on human rights and opening up its economy.

“If Cuba is unwilling to make a better deal for the Cuban people, the Cuban/American people and the US as a whole, I will terminate deal,” he said on Twitter.

Raul Castro has enacted gradual economic reforms. But he has firmly resisted any changes to the communist island’s political system.

Government opponents hope Fidel’s death will enable bolder reforms.

Fidel handed power to Raul in 2006 after undergoing emergency intestinal surgery. His cause of death on Friday at age 90 has not been disclosed.

‘Nothing changes’

Authorities had initially said Castro’s ashes would be displayed in an urn on the square, but there was no sign of it as the memorial began.

There was a visible police presence at Revolution Square.

Dissidents who were repressed by Castro’s regime for years said they were happy that the “dictator” had died, but called off regular demonstrations on Sunday out of deference to those in mourning.

“We’re going to remain calm, even if (Castro) is the main culprit for the misery and lack of political rights in Cuba,” said veteran dissident Jose Daniel Ferrer.

Once the nine-day period of national mourning is over, “we will continue fighting the system he created,” he said.

Cuban Americans celebrate the death of Cuban leader Fidel Castro in the streets of the Little Havana neighborhood of Miami, Florida on November 26, 2016. (Rhona Wise/AFP)
Cuban Americans celebrate the death of Cuban leader Fidel Castro in the streets of the Little Havana neighborhood of Miami, Florida on November 26, 2016. (Rhona Wise/AFP)

In Miami, where so many Cubans flocked in the past decades to escape Castro’s policies, Cuban-Americans celebrated his death with street parties throughout the weekend.

After two days of commemorations in Havana, Castro’s ashes will go on a four-day island-wide procession starting Wednesday.

They will be buried on Sunday in the southeastern city of Santiago de Cuba, the heartland of Castro’s uprising against US-backed dictator Fulgencio Batista.

Castro, who came to power as a cigar-chomping 32-year-old in combat fatigues, survived more than 600 assassination attempts, according to aides, as well as the failed 1961 US-backed Bay of Pigs invasion and the Cuban missile crisis the following year.

Daniel Martinez, a 33-year-old cook, is not a fan of the regime, but was not thrilled with the celebrations in Miami either.

“I have nothing personal against Fidel, but I am not a ‘Castrista.’ I don’t consider myself a dissident. I simply don’t like this system,” he said.

“Nothing changes here. Nothing moves.”

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