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Who is Naftali Bennett, the man who could be Israel’s next prime minister?

Yamina party chief is a former IDF commando turned millionaire tech entrepreneur, who entered politics as an aide to Netanyahu, whom he now seeks to oust

Yamina leader Naftali Bennett greets his supporters after first exit poll results for the Israeli election at his party's headquarters in Petah Tikva, March 24, 2021.  (AP Photo/Tsafrir Abayov)
Yamina leader Naftali Bennett greets his supporters after first exit poll results for the Israeli election at his party's headquarters in Petah Tikva, March 24, 2021. (AP Photo/Tsafrir Abayov)

Naftali Bennett, who on Sunday moved a step closer to replacing Israel’s veteran premier Benjamin Netanyahu, is a millionaire former tech entrepreneur who made a name in politics with hardline right-wing rhetoric.

The 49-year-old, who has made pitches to hard-right voters throughout his career, leads the Yamina party, which has called for Israel to annex parts of the West Bank.

With a discreet kippa and perfect American English, he is ultra-liberal on the economy and takes a hard line against Iran.

He shares this ideology with Netanyahu and has served in several of the Likud leader’s governments, but in recent years the two have become increasingly opposed.

In the aftermath of 11 days of deadly fighting with Palestinian terrorists in the Gaza Strip, Bennett finally agreed to join centrist Yair Lapid in a coalition to oust the premier, who has been in power for 12 consecutive years as well as an earlier three-year term.

Naftali Bennett places a note in the stones of the Western Wall in Jerusalem’s old city, Monday, Jan. 21, 2013. (AP Photo/Sebastian Scheiner)

Lapid has offered to share power, letting Bennett serve the first term in a rotating premiership.

In a speech late Sunday, Bennett claimed leftist parties would back him to lead a coalition government.

“The left is making far from easy compromises here, when it bestows upon me… the role of prime minister,” he said.

Lapid has until late Wednesday to cobble together a 61-seat coalition in the 120-seat Knesset.

Religious-nationalist Yamina won seven seats in the country’s last general elections in March, although one member has refused to join an anti-Netanyahu coalition.

A former special forces commando, Bennett is the son of US-born parents and lives with his wife Galit and four children in the central city of Ra’anana.

Naftali Bennett left, accompanied by his wife Galit, waves to a crowd as he leaves a polling station after voting in Ra’anana, Israel, Jan. 22, 2013. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit)

He entered politics after selling his tech startup for $145 million in 2005, and the next year became chief of staff to Netanyahu, who was then in the opposition. After leaving Netanyahu’s office, Bennett in 2010 became director of the Yesha Council, which lobbies for Jewish settlers in the West Bank.

He then took politics by storm in 2012 when he took charge of the national-religious Jewish Home party, which was facing political disaster. He increased its parliamentary presence fourfold, while making headlines with a series of incendiary comments about the Palestinians.

In 2013, he said Palestinian “terrorists should be killed, not released.”

He also argues that the West Bank is not under occupation because “there was never a Palestinian state here,” and that the Israeli-Palestinian conflict could not be resolved but must be endured, like a piece of “shrapnel in the buttocks.”

In this Nov. 24, 2019 photo, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, left, and Defense Minister Naftali Bennett visit an Israeli army base in the Golan Heights, on the Israeli-Syrian border.(Atef Safadi/Pool via AP)

Beyond holding the defense portfolio, Bennett has served as Netanyahu’s economy minister and education minister.

He re-branded Jewish Home as Yamina (Rightward) in 2018, and was part of Netanyahu’s coalition, which collapsed the same year.

But he was not asked to join a Netanyahu-led unity government in May last year — a move seen as an expression of the premier’s personal contempt toward him, despite their shared ideology.

In opposition and with the coronavirus pandemic raging in 2020, Bennett dampened his right-wing rhetoric to focus on the health crisis, moving to broaden his appeal by releasing plans to contain the virus and aid the economy.

“In the next years we need to put aside politics and issues like annexation or a Palestinian state, and focus on gaining control over the coronavirus pandemic, healing the economy and mending internal rifts,” he told Army Radio in November.

Times of Israel staff contributed to this report.

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