US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said Tuesday that a “revitalized” Palestinian Authority should retake control of Gaza if Israel succeeds in its goal of toppling Hamas, but that regional partners and international agencies could play an interim role.
The comments by Blinken during testimony before the Senate Appropriations Committee marked the first time the Biden administration has publicly declared its desire for the PA to return to the Gaza Strip, after privately raising the idea with regional partners since the outbreak of the Israel-Hamas war.
Hours after the hearing — which included repeated interruptions by several dozen of far-left protesters calling for a ceasefire — an Israeli official confirmed to The Times of Israel that Blinken will arrive in Tel Aviv on Friday for his second visit since the Hamas terror group launched its deadly shock assault over three weeks ago.
“At some point, what would make the most sense would be for an effective and revitalized Palestinian Authority to have governance and ultimately security responsibility for Gaza,” Blinken told the Senate hearing.
Hamas ousted the PA from Gaza in 2007 following bloody fighting, a year after winning a plurality of the vote in Palestinian legislative elections.
“Whether you can get there in one step is a big question that we have to look at. And if you can’t, then there are other temporary arrangements that may involve a number of other countries in the region,” Blinken said. “It may involve international agencies that would help provide for both security and governance.”
Hamas terrorists were looking to slaughter Jews, they perpetrated their worst atrocities in communities actively working to advance Israeli-Palestinian peace. Listen to @SecBlinken pic.twitter.com/huHTLRiNTb
— Eli Kowaz (@elikowaz) October 31, 2023
The top American diplomat said there cannot be a “reversion of the status quo with Hamas running Gaza.”
“We also can’t have — and the Israelis start with this proposition themselves — Israel running or controlling Gaza,” he said.
Returning the Palestinian Authority to Gaza appears highly difficult to implement, given the historically weak state of the PA. The governing body in the West Bank has been plagued by corruption, has lost face among Palestinians for cooperating with Israel and has seen international support shrink for rejecting peace offers and continuing to pay stipends to Palestinian security prisoners.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s office insists that it is not currently holding formal talks regarding its “day-after” strategy and is solely focused on toppling Hamas. “All talk of decisions to hand over the Gaza Strip to the Palestinian Authority or any other party is a lie,” his office said in a statement on October 20.
Critics of Netanyahu have accused him of strengthening Hamas over the past 15 years in order to divide the Palestinian factions and weaken the more moderate PA, which recognizes Israel and supports a two-state solution.
More recently, the Likud-run Intelligence Ministry drafted a policy paper arguing that the PA’s return to Gaza would amount to a victory for the Palestinian national movement that would pose a danger to Israel.
Ramallah, for its part, has asserted it has no interest in returning to Gaza unless as part of a diplomatic initiative that unites the enclave with the West Bank and revamps the peace process with Israel, which would be supported by the Biden administration but have little backing in the current Israeli government.
While working to boost the cash-strapped PA’s international standing, Washington has pushed back against a decision announced Sunday by Finance Minister Bezalel Smotrich to halt the transfer of Palestinian tax revenues to the PA, claiming that Ramallah supported the October 7 massacre.
Due to the PA’s lack of statehood status, Israel is responsible for collecting customs duties and other tax revenues on its behalf. It transfers them to Ramallah on a monthly basis, providing funds that amount to nearly 65 percent of the Palestinian annual budget, which is roughly NIS 18 billion ($5.27 billion).
Commenting on Smotrich’s decision during Tuesday’s hearing, Blinken said the US has asked Israel to release the Palestinian funds.
The message has been passed along privately as well, with Washington demanding an explanation and arguing the move could further destabilize the West Bank, which has been rattled by rising settler violence since the October 7 massacres.
“The Palestinian Authority is doing everything it can to keep security and stability in the West Bank. It is vastly under-sourced. This is another aspect of the problem,” Blinken said. The US leaned hard on the PA in recent weeks for its security forces to continue their efforts to combat terror in the territory.
In justifying his decision to freeze Ramallah’s funds, Smotrich said the PA did not condemn the October 7 attack. The Palestinian Authority has not denounced Hamas, while expressing opposition to the targeting of all civilians.
Blinken’s scheduled trip to Israel later this week follows his visit on October 12, when he held a nearly eight-hour meeting with Netanyahu’s war cabinet to kick off a regional tour that included stops in five other countries, as he sought to build a coalition against Hamas while coordinating with allies to secure the delivery of humanitarian aid into Gaza and the release of the hostages.
That trip appeared to have had limited success, as Arab countries have not taken well to the continued US support for Israel’s ongoing military campaign in the Strip. US diplomacy was integral, however, in coaxing Israel and Egypt to begin allowing humanitarian aid to enter the enclave 10 days ago.