Nigerian leader calls for US help against Boko Haram
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Nigerian leader calls for US help against Boko Haram

President Goodluck Jonathan appeals to Washington for military aid to fight off jihadist insurgency

Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan (right) speaks, flanked by broadcaster and publisher Adesuwa Onyenokwe, during a nationally broadcast interview with journalists in Abuja on February 11, 2015.  (photo credit: AFP/Stringer)
Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan (right) speaks, flanked by broadcaster and publisher Adesuwa Onyenokwe, during a nationally broadcast interview with journalists in Abuja on February 11, 2015. (photo credit: AFP/Stringer)

KANO, Nigeria (AFP) — Nigeria’s President Goodluck Jonathan appealed for more US help in fighting Boko Haram, as the Islamists struck again on Saturday and called for a boycott of upcoming general elections.

The head of state for the first time claimed direct links between the Sunni radicals who have been waging a six-year insurgency in Nigeria and the Islamic State group in Syria and Iraq.

He told the Wall Street Journal in an interview: “Are they (the United States) not fighting ISIS? Why can’t they come to Nigeria?

“They are our friends. If Nigeria has a problem, then I expect the US to come and assist us.”

Jonathan’s comments were published as hundreds of Islamist fighters invaded the northeastern city of Gombe, firing heavy guns and throwing leaflets calling for locals to shun the elections.

The attack, which began at about 9:00 a.m. local time, saw residents flee and the authorities impose a 24-hour lockdown in the city, which Boko Haram has repeatedly targeted.

Members of a family gather their belongings as they wait to flee Nougboua after Nigeria's Boko Haram rebels carried out an attack on the village on February 13, 2015. (photo credit: AFP/Stephanie Yas)
Members of a family gather their belongings as they wait to flee Nougboua after Nigeria’s Boko Haram rebels carried out an attack on the village on February 13, 2015. (photo credit: AFP/Stephanie Yas)

Boko Haram has opened up two new fronts in its campaign to create a hardline Islamic state in northeast Nigeria, pushing into neighboring Niger last week and for the first time on Friday, Chad.

It has also increased the frequency and intensity of its attacks on northern Cameroon. The increasing regional threat has led to the deployment of troops from all three countries, reflecting security fears.

Foreign links

Jonathan and his government have long sought to portray the insurgency as being fueled by outside forces and he has previously called Boko Haram “al-Qaeda in West Africa”.

Critics have interpreted his attempt to blame foreigners for the violence that has left more than 13,000 dead and displaced more than one million since 2009 as a diversion from national failings.

Boko Haram, which loosely translates from the Hausa language widely spoken in northern Nigeria as “Western education is forbidden”, began life in 2002 as a largely peaceful Islamist movement.

But it has been transformed in the last six years from a rag-tag group of guerrilla fighters into a conventional army, seizing territory and dozens of towns in three northeast Nigerian states.

A screen capture taken on November 9, 2014 from a new Boko Haram video released by the Nigerian Islamist extremist group Boko Haram and obtained by AFP shows Boko Haram fighters parading with a tank in an unidentified town. (photo credit: AFP/HO/BOKO HARAM)
A screen capture taken on November 9, 2014 from a video released by the Nigerian Islamist extremist group Boko Haram and shows the group’s fighters parading with a tank in an unidentified town. (photo credit: AFP/HO/BOKO HARAM)

The group has generally not been thought to have any direct operational links with overseas jihadis, although some fighters may have received training from al-Qaeda-linked militants in North Africa.

Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau has previously mentioned IS group leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi in videos but has not pledged allegiance to the outfit.

The Nigerian group’s tactics of extreme violence and mass casualty hit-and-run raids, bombings and suicide attacks also predated those carried out by the IS group.

But Jonathan told the US newspaper that Nigeria had intelligence reports that Boko Haram was receiving “training and funds” from IS militants.

Any direct US military intervention would constitute a marked shift in Nigeria’s attitude towards the conflict. It has repeatedly insisted that it can take on the militants alone.

The United States has provided surveillance and intelligence specialists, as well as aerial drones, to help in the high-profile hunt for 219 schoolgirls kidnapped by Boko Haram last April.

But bilateral ties have since been fraught over Washington’s refusal to provide military hardware because of concerns about human rights abuses in the Nigerian Army.

Delayed election

The latest attack in Gombe, south of Boko Haram’s center of operations, coincided with the original date for presidential elections, at which Jonathan is seeking a second, four-year term.

The vote was postponed last Saturday after the electoral commission was advised that regional forces needed more time to tackle the insurgents and would not be able to provide security on polling day.

But the six-week deadline to effectively secure and stabilize the northeast and allow hundreds of thousands of people displaced by the violence to vote has been seen as unrealistic.

Jonathan on Friday maintained that postponing the elections until March 28 would give the security agencies time to “clean up” the three states worst-hit by the insurgency for voting to take place.

“If at all they cannot clean up the three states, at least two states will be recovered completely and more local governments recovered even from the remaining state,” he told foreign diplomats.

He added: “In Borno state, the headquarters of Boko Haram, even if we don’t take over completely, at least 70 percent of that state should be free for elections to be conducted.”

Jonathan went further in the WSJ interview, saying that within eight weeks “we will be able to take over all the territories that they (Boko Haram) are holding”.

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