Iran FM throws ball back in Trump’s court on nuclear deal

Iran FM throws ball back in Trump’s court on nuclear deal

After US leader hails successful prisoner swap as sign diplomacy can work, Zarif says it’s up to the president to fix the broken international accord

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif speaks at a high level political forum on sustainable development on July 17, 2019, at UN Headquarters in New York. (Kena Betancur/AFP)
Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif speaks at a high level political forum on sustainable development on July 17, 2019, at UN Headquarters in New York. (Kena Betancur/AFP)

Iran’s foreign minister Friday threw the ball back into the US president’s court on reaching a new nuclear agreement, after the two countries carried out a prisoner swap.

President Donald Trump had voiced hope for progress with Iran a day earlier, after the Islamic republic released a US Navy veteran and the United States freed two Iranians.

“Thank you to Iran, it shows a deal is possible!” Trump had tweeted.

Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif responded to Trump on Twitter Friday, saying, “We achieved humanitarian swap *despite* your subordinates’ efforts.”

“And we had a deal when you entered office. Iran & other JCPOA participants never left the table,” he said, using an acronym for a landmark 2015 nuclear deal.

The multilateral accord, known formally as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, gave the Islamic republic relief from international sanctions in return for limits on its nuclear program.

Tensions between Tehran and Washington escalated in 2018 after Trump unilaterally withdrew the US from the agreement and reimposed crippling sanctions on Iran.

The other partners to the accord are Britain, China, France, Germany and Russia.

“Your advisors — most fired by now — made a dumb bet. Up to you to decide *when* you want to fix it,” Zarif added.

Brian Hook, the US pointman on Iran policy, said that the Trump administration has tried unsuccessfully to expand the conversation with Tehran beyond consular matters.

“I think one of the obvious dimensions of doing a consular dialogue with the regime is the opportunity to discuss other issues,” Hook told reporters in Washington.

Brian Hook, the US State Department special representative for Iran, testifies during a Senate Foreign Relations Committee hearing on US policy toward Iran, October 16, 2019, in Washington. (Tasos Katopodis/Getty Images/AFP)

“The regime has not taken us up on this opportunity now. It’s unfortunate,” he said, adding: “The door remains open.”

“We do think that every successfully concluded diplomatic engagement does build confidence.”

The Trump administration says it wants a new deal with Iran but has taken a maximalist approach in its demands, including seeking an end to Tehran’s regional activities.

In January, Trump ordered a drone strike in Baghdad that killed top Iranian general Qassem Soleimani.

Hook went to Zurich to bring back US Navy veteran Michael White, who had been arrested in Iran’s northeastern city of Mashhad in July 2018.

In this image provided by the U.S. State Department, Michael White holds an American flag as he poses for a photo on June 4, 2020, with US special envoy for Iran Brian Hook at the Zurich, Switzerland, airport after White’s release from Iran. (US State Department via AP)

As he was flying home Thursday, a US federal judge issued an order to free an Iranian-American doctor, Majid Taheri.

A day earlier, prominent Iranian scientist Cyrus Asgari, arrested in 2016 on an academic visit to the United States, returned to Iran.

Three more US citizens are known to be imprisoned in Iran. All three are of Iranian origin, so Tehran considers them its own citizens.

“I think the regime probably looks at dual citizens differently than we do. But it’s the same level of effort that’s applied to all of them,” Hook said.

White, who had served 13 years in the US Navy, was arrested after visiting a woman whom he had reportedly met online.

He was sentenced the following year to at least 10 years in prison on charges that he insulted Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and posted anti-regime remarks on social media under a pseudonym.

In March, as Iran was being hit hard by the coronavirus pandemic, White was handed over to the custody of Switzerland, which handles US interests in the country in the absence of diplomatic relations.

Asgari, a scientist at Tehran’s Sharif University of Technology, had been detained four years ago on an academic visit to Ohio and accused of stealing trade secrets.

He was acquitted last year but handed over to US Immigration and Customs Enforcement, which Asgari said refused to let him leave and held him in a lockup in Louisiana without basic sanitation.

Taheri, a doctor in Tampa, Florida, was accused of violating US sanctions by sending a technical item to Iran and in December pleaded guilty to charges he violated financial reporting requirements by depositing $277,344 at a bank, repeatedly showing up with loose cash, according to court documents.

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