UN chief says humanity’s ‘war against nature’ must stop

UN chief says humanity’s ‘war against nature’ must stop

Climate crisis has reached ‘point of no return’ as the planet ‘fights back,’ Guterres warns, ahead of upcoming report confirming last five years are the warmest on record

Smoke and vapor rising from the cooling towers and chimneys of the lignite-fired Jaenschwalde Power Station near Peitz, eastern Germany, on November 30, 2019. (John MACDOUGALL /AFP)
Smoke and vapor rising from the cooling towers and chimneys of the lignite-fired Jaenschwalde Power Station near Peitz, eastern Germany, on November 30, 2019. (John MACDOUGALL /AFP)

MADRID, Spain (AFP) — The devastating impacts of global warming that threaten humanity are a pushback from nature under assault, UN chief Antonio Guterres warned Sunday ahead of a key climate conference.

“For many decades, the human species has been at war with the planet, and now the planet is fighting back,” he said, decrying “utterly inadequate” efforts of the world’s major economies to curb carbon pollution.

“We are confronted with a global climate crisis and the point of no return is no longer over the horizon, it is in sight and hurtling towards us.”

Guterres flagged a UN report to be released Tuesday confirming that the last five years are the warmest on record, with 2019 likely to be the second hottest ever.

“Climate-related disasters are becoming more frequent, more deadly, more destructive,” he said on the eve of the 196-nation COP25 climate change talks in Madrid.

United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres gives a press conference at the ‘IFEMA – Feria de Madrid’ exhibition center in Madrid on December 1, 2019, on the eve of the opening of the UN Climate Change Conference COP25. (CRISTINA QUICLER/AFP)

Human health and food security are at risk, he added, noting that air pollution associated with climate change accounts for seven million premature deaths every year.

The Paris Agreement calls for capping global warming at under two degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit), but recent science has made clear that the treaty’s aspiration goal of 1.5 degrees C (2.7 degrees F) is a far safer threshold.

A UN Environment Program report last week concluded that CO2 emissions would need to drop by a vertiginous 7.6 percent per year over the next decade to stay within that limit.

But Guterres insisted that the 1.5C goal was doable. All that is missing, he said, is political will.

“Let’s be clear — up to now, our efforts to reach this target have been utterly inadequate,” he said. “The world’s largest emitters are not pulling their weight.”

View of glaciers at the Torres del Paine National Park in Magallanes region, Chile, on November 1, 2019. (Johan Ordonez/AFP)

Current national pledges — if carried out — would see global temperatures rise by at least 3C, a recipe for human misery, according to scientists.

Pelosi in Madrid

The UN chief’s comments were clearly aimed at the handful of countries responsible for more than half of global greenhouse gas emissions, though he did not call them out by name.

US President Donald Trump has set in motion the process that will see the United States withdraw from the Paris deal by year’s end.

At the same time, a US Congressional delegation going to Madrid will be headed by House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, the highest-ranked elected Democrat in the US government, who was listed by the Spanish government among the heads of state and VIPs.

A security guard yawns as he stands in front of the banner of the COP25 climate summit reading ‘Time for Action,’ at the IFEMA conference center in Madrid, on November 30, 2019, where the summit will be held from December 2 to 13, 2019. (Pierre-Philippe Marcou/AFP)

“We want to give every opportunity to the US to remain within the commitments in the fight against climate change,” a spokesperson for the Spanish prime minister’s office told AFP.

Other major emitters — China, India, Russia and Brazil — have given scant indication that they will deepen their commitments in the near term.

Guterres did single out the European Union as playing a constructive role.

“Europe has an absolutely essential role to play, and must be a cornerstone in the global negotiations leading to carbon neutrality,” he said.

The European Commission’s new president Ursula Von der Leyen is trying to steer the bloc towards a target of “zero net emission” by 2050, but continues to face resistance from some members, including Poland and Hungary.

Climate activists hold placards during a demonstration in front of the Jaenschwalde power plant, in eastern Germany, on November 30, 2019. (John MACDOUGALL/AFP)

To help speed the transition of the financial sector, which continues to invest heavily in the fossil fuels driving global warming, Guterres announced the appointment of current Bank of England governor Mark Carney as special envoy on climate action and finance, effective in January.

“The announcement of Mr. Carney’s new role is a powerful signal that we need greater ambition on all fronts, not only from governments,” said Spain’s Minister for the Ecological Transition Teresa Ribera.

“The global shift from the gray to the green economy is gathering momentum,” she said in a statement. “But much more is needed.”

Despite growing public pressure for decisive action, the 12-day negotiating session is likely to remain technical in nature, focused on finalizing the “rulebook” for the Paris Agreement, which becomes operational at the end of next year.

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