Anti-Semitism on campusVandalism, swastika graffitti, harrassment cited by students

US college vows to protect Jewish, pro-Israel students after federal complaint

University of Illinois in Champaign-Urbana will work with student groups after Education Department asked to investigate ‘hostile environment of anti-Semitism’

Illustrative: Students for Justice in Palestine hold an 'emergency teach-in' at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign in 2019 after the school chancellor condemned an antisemitic presentation that included anti-Zionist material. (Courtesy AMCHA)
Illustrative: Students for Justice in Palestine hold an 'emergency teach-in' at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign in 2019 after the school chancellor condemned an antisemitic presentation that included anti-Zionist material. (Courtesy AMCHA)

JTA — Weeks after a federal complaint alleged an anti-Semitic climate at the University of Illinois, the university announced it would work with Jewish groups to improve conditions for Jews and pro-Israel students on campus.

The campus in Champaign-Urbana, home to 34,000 undergraduates and some 3,000 Jewish undergraduate students, was recently the subject of a legal complaint asking the US Education Department to investigate a “hostile environment of anti-Semitism.” The complaint cited multiple instances of swastika graffiti, vandalism at Jewish centers and harassment of Jewish and pro-Israel students. The Trump administration has directed the Education Department to include Jewish students in its anti-discrimination protections, facilitating such complaints.

In September, the school’s student government passed a resolution supporting the Black Lives Matter movement that also included a call to divest from companies that do business with Israel. Jewish organizations in Illinois, including the Chicago Jewish federation, which controls the school’s Hillel center, protested the resolution.

Now, the school’s administration has signed a joint statement along with the federation, the school’s Hillel and Chabad and other groups promising to do more to address anti-Semitism and anti-Zionism at the school.

“Our shared and common goal must be to support a safe and welcoming environment for Jewish and pro-Israel students at the University of Illinois that is free of discrimination and harassment,” the statement says, also condemning acts that “demonize or delegitimize” Jewish and pro-Israel students.

“For many Jewish students, Zionism is an integral part of their identity and their ethnic and ancestral heritage,” the statement says. “These students have the right to openly express identification with Israel. The university will safeguard the abilities of these students, as well as all students, to participate in university-sponsored activities free from discrimination and harassment.”

Illustrative: a Holocaust denier holds a sign on the campus quad of the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, September 10, 2019. (Courtesy AMCHA)

The statement pledges to set up an “Advisory Council on Jewish and Campus Life” made up of students and faculty, as well as representatives of the broader Jewish community, to ensure an inclusive atmosphere on campus. It also pledges to institute educational programming on campus against anti-Semitism and to review its policies to make sure they adequately combat anti-Semitism.

The advisory council will begin meeting next semester. The statement says, “Though these steps will further our shared goals, they alone will not effectively dispel the environment that many Jewish students have felt to be unwelcoming.”

“Many Jewish students have felt marginalized and excluded from participating equally in campus activities that are aimed at fighting racism and achieving racial justice,” said Mark Rotenberg, vice president for university initiatives and legal affairs at Hillel International, which signed the joint statement. “This is the first time a university has made all of these statements and commitments.”

The events at the University of Illinois come amid a national climate in which Jewish students and organizations that support them say campuses are unsafe for Jews and pro-Israel students. Jewish members of student governments have reported being marginalized or pushed out. Last year, 20 percent of Jewish respondents to an American Jewish Committee poll said they or someone they know has faced anti-Semitism on campus over the previous five years.

US President Donald Trump shows the executive order he signed combatting anti-Semitism in the US during a Hanukkah reception in the East Room of the White House in Washington, December 11, 2019. (AP Photo/Manuel Balce Ceneta)

Last year, US President Donald Trump signed an executive order on anti-Semitism that ordered “robust” enforcement of existing civil rights protections for Jews on campus. Pro-Palestinian groups said the order, and Jewish organizational campaigns against anti-Zionism on campus, seek to silence legitimate criticism of Israel. Complaints have been filed alleging anti-Semitic discrimination at several schools.

The Illinois statement comes less than a month after the Louis D. Brandeis Center for Human Rights Under Law, a Jewish legal rights organization, filed a complaint on behalf of Jewish and pro-Israel students with the federal Education Department citing a long list of anti-Semitic incidents on the Illinois campus and claiming that students faced an anti-Semitic climate. The complaint was filed in consultation with the Chicago Jewish federation, called the Jewish United Fund, and Hillel.

Soon after the complaint was filed, dozens of Jewish faculty members at the school signed an open letter opposing it. The letter expressed support for the school’s chancellor, Robert Jones. Addressed to Jones, it said the faculty members wanted to offer “unqualified support for you and to acknowledge your leadership in our university’s numerous efforts at creating a more inclusive and mutually respectful climate for all our community members.”

The incidents cited in the complaint date back to 2015 and include swastika graffiti, the campus Chabad house’s outdoor menorah being repeatedly vandalized, and mezuzahs being ripped off doorways. In addition, it describes a mandatory diversity training program that praised Leila Khaled, a Palestinian member of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, which the United States has designated as a terrorist organization.

Palestinian terrorist Leila Khaled, veteran of several hijacking attempts, is pictured in 1970. (AP Photo)

The joint statement does not affect the federal complaint, which has not been withdrawn. But the Brandeis Center and the law firm that assisted with the complaint are both signatories to the joint statement. Rotenberg, whose organization consulted on the complaint, said the complaint acted as a catalyst for the joint statement.

“The attention that has now been shown in the examples [of anti-Semitism] has created momentum for the university to work collaboratively with us to take this first important step,” Rotenberg said.

A month before the complaint, the school’s undergraduate student government passed the Black Lives Matter resolution along with the clause supporting divestment from companies that do business with Israel. The resolution came after a string of failed attempts in recent years to pass a resolution favoring a boycott of Israel.

Illustrative: A man wearing a kippah holds a sign reading ‘Jews for Black Lives’ at the weekly Black Lives Matter ‘Jackie Lacey Must Go!’ protest in front of the Hall of Justice in Los Angeles, California, September 9, 2020 (VALERIE MACON / AFP)

The university administration released a statement criticizing the resolution, saying, “It is unfortunate that a resolution before the group tonight was designed to force students who oppose efforts to divest from Israel to also vote against support for the Black Lives Matter movement.”

The school’s Hillel likewise rejected efforts to boycott Israel, and also objected to the grouping of Black Lives Matter and the Israel boycott, as well as the timing of the resolution, which came between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur.

“This was an attempt to paint Israel and Jews as the obstacle to racial equity, amidst the holiest time in the Jewish calendar,” the Hillel’s statement said. “The Jewish students refused to submit to this antisemitic litmus test.”

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