Greece struggling to convince creditors it’s for real
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Greece struggling to convince creditors it’s for real

As it seeks a third European bailout in five years, Athens aims to show it can push through dramatic reforms

A demonstrator waves a Greek flag during an anti-austerity rally in central Athens, Friday, July 10, 2015. (AP Photo/Petros Karadjias)
A demonstrator waves a Greek flag during an anti-austerity rally in central Athens, Friday, July 10, 2015. (AP Photo/Petros Karadjias)

BRUSSELS (AP) — Greece’s finance minister was struggling late Saturday to convince skeptical creditors that the Greek government can be trusted to deliver on its reform promises in exchange for a financial rescue package securing the country’s future in the euro.

More than seven hours after they sat down to discuss Greece’s bailout request, eurozone finance ministers appeared likely to extend their meeting into the early morning hours as they negotiated over what additional measures the Greek government can take to win support.

In Finland, another hard-hit eurozone country, there were reports that the coalition government was balking at further assistance for Greece — a failure to give Greece a rescue package could see the country’s economy collapse.

The pressure has been on Greece all day, even after the Greek parliament passed a harsh austerity package that it hopes will lead to a three-year bailout. Over and over, finance ministers and top officials of the eurozone said the same thing as they arrived for the key meeting in Brussels on Greece’s bailout proposals — we don’t fully trust you to make good on your promises.

Greece’s left-wing Syriza government, they said, needed to do a lot more than just publish a 13-page plan of reform commitments before they could sign off on another multibillion-euro bailout deal that would keep the country afloat and prevent its exit from the euro.

A European official at the talks said creditors want “more specific and binding commitments” from the Greek government.

The official, who spoke on condition of anonymity because he’s not authorized to talk publicly, says there’s a general feeling in the room that the Greek proposals are “too little, too late” and as such, more proof of the government’s commitment to follow through is required. The official said those pledges don’t “necessarily have to be austerity measures.”

That sentiment echoes much of the language in the run-up to the meeting.

“We are still a long way out, both on the issue of content as on the tougher issue of trust,” Jeroen Dijsselbloem, the eurozone’s top official, said on his arrival at the meeting. “On paper it is not good enough yet — and even if it is good on paper, then we still have the question: will it really happen?”

Greece is running out of time to convince its creditors. A Sunday summit of European Union leaders could be its last chance to prevent the collapse of the banking sector and an inevitable exit from the euro currency.

Greece’s banks have been shuttered for the better part of two weeks and daily withdrawals from ATMs have been limited to a paltry 60 euros. The economy is in free-fall and the country faces a raft of big debt repayments.

Early Saturday, Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras cleared one hurdle. Lawmakers in the Greek parliament overwhelmingly backed a package of economic reforms and further austerity measures, in the hope that it will convince its European partners to back a third bailout of the country. Greece has made a request to Europe’s bailout fund for a 53.5 billion-euro ($59.5 billion) three-year financial package.

Still, the measures proposed, which include changes long demanded by creditors, such as changes to pensions and sales taxes, don’t appear to be enough. Following months of deteriorating relations, creditors are demanding firm legislative action to back up the proposals.

Earlier, German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble, who has taken a hard line on Greece over recent months, said the Greek government will have to do a lot more than just say it wants to reform if it’s going to get more money.

“We will definitely not be able to rely on promises,” he said. “We are determined to not make calculations that everyone knows one cannot believe in.”

Schaeuble was clear in who he blamed for the current crisis. He put that firmly on the shoulders of Greece’s radical-left Syriza government that was elected in January on an anti-austerity platform. The “hopeful” economic situation regarding Greece at the end of last year has been “destroyed by the last months,” said Schaeuble, who anticipated an “extraordinarily difficult” meeting.

According to a report in Germany’s Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung newspaper, the German finance minister has proposed a temporary five-year euro exit for Greece as a way out of the crisis. However, Theodoros Mihopoulos, who heads Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras’s office, said in a tweet that the report “is completely denied.”

Greece hopes enough progress will be made at the finance ministers’ meeting to allow EU government leaders on Sunday to formally back a bailout program. The summit of the European Union’s 28 leaders has been billed as Greece’s last chance.

The eurozone ministers have to give their blessing to Greece’s bailout request to the European Stability Mechanism. Traditionally, eurozone ministers agree by consensus. The task facing the new Greek finance minister, Euclid Tsakalotos, is to convince his skeptical counterparts that Greece deserves another bailout, its third in five years.

Greece has received bailouts totaling 240 billion euros in return for deep spending cuts, tax increases and reforms from successive governments. Though the country’s annual budget deficit has come down dramatically, Greece’s debt burden has increased as the economy has shrunk by a quarter.

The Greek government has made some form of debt relief a key priority and will hope that a comprehensive solution will involve European creditors at least agreeing to delayed repayments or lower interest rates.

French Finance Minister Michel Sapin said Europe wants to hear the nitty-gritty around Greece’s proposals: “How are you going to do it? At what moment are you going to do it? At what tempo are you going to do it?”

Copyright 2015 The Associated Press.

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