WASHINGTON — The United States’ will retain its special envoy for battling anti-Semitism but will abolish a slew of other diplomatic posts, including an envoy on the Iran nuclear deal, as part of a major State Department overhaul, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson told Congress on Monday.
Tillerson has faced pressure from Jewish groups, lawmakers and others to maintain and fill the anti-Semitism monitor office, which has remained vacant since President Donald Trump took office in January.
The special envoy post, which was mandated in the Global Anti-Semitism Review Act of 2004, monitors acts of anti-Semitism abroad, document the cases in State Department reports, and consults with domestic and international nongovernmental organizations.
In a letter to Congress, Tillerson said the post would be returned to the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, with two positions and $130,000 of funding.
Congressional lawmakers from both parties have pressed the Trump administration, in letters and proposed bills, to name an envoy and to enhance the office’s status. They have noted that unlike some other envoys, whose positions were created by Trump’s predecessors, the office of the envoy on anti-Semitism is a statute and requires filling.
Jewish groups have also lobbied President Donald Trump to name an envoy, saying that the position has been key to encouraging diplomats and officials throughout the department to focus on anti-Semitism.
Hannah Rosenthal, a special envoy on anti-Semitism in the Obama administration, instituted department-wide training on identifying anti-Semitism.
“The idea of having a dedicated envoy who can travel around the world to raise awareness on this issue is critical,” the Anti-Defamation League CEO, Jonathan Greenblatt, told JTA in an interview published in June.
Other envoys that will be retained include those for Israeli-Palestinian negotiations, Holocaust issues, religious freedom and LGBT rights, but most will be eliminated or downgraded.
Special envoys for Afghanistan-Pakistan, disability rights and closing the Guantanamo Bay detention center will be eliminated under the plan, as will the coordinator for Iran nuclear implementation and the coordinator for sanctions policy.
Lawmakers of both parties, think tanks and even the diplomats’ association have long called for absorbing some of the myriad US envoys and special representatives into related offices, to help reduce redundancies across the State Department’s notoriously unwieldy bureaucracy. But the idea has attracted new scrutiny amid the Trump administration’s plans to drastically cut the State Department’s budget and concerns that Trump was eschewing the promotion of American values overseas.
While State Department officials stressed that changes to the flow chart don’t necessarily signal a change in priorities, in some cases the policy implications are clear. Elimination of the Guantanamo closure envoy dovetails with Trump’s plans to keep the prison open. The president has pulled the US out of the Paris global climate deal and threatened to do the same with the Iran nuclear deal.
Of 66 current envoys or representatives, 30 will remain, a cut of 55 percent. Nine positions will be abolished outright. Twenty-one will be “integrated” into other offices, five merged with other positions, and one transferred to the US Agency for International Development, the government’s foreign aid arm.
In each case, the envoys’ staff and their budgets will be absorbed by the office taking over their functions. That shift will free up significant funds that Tillerson can draw upon as he restructures other parts of the agency, said a State Department official, who wasn’t authorized to comment by name and requested anonymity.
For example, merging the cyber envoy into the broader Economic and Business Affairs bureau will boost the latter’s budget by $5.5 million.
Tillerson, in the letter to Congress, said he believed the State Department could “better execute its mission” by integrating some positions, pointing out concerns that the current system diluting the government’s effectiveness by creating multiple power centers dealing with the same issue. The number of special envoys has grown over the years.
“Today, nearly 70 such positions exist within the State Department, even after many of the underlying policy challenges these positions were created to address have been resolved,” Tillerson wrote.
The pruning offers the first concrete information about how Tillerson’s sweeping overhaul will affect the State Department and its approximately 75,000 employees. Since taking office in February, Tillerson has been scouring the agency and soliciting input from diplomats about how to trim the agency down. A roughly one-third budget cut and elimination of thousands of jobs are expected.
Those anticipated cuts have driven down morale among diplomats, as Tillerson has acknowledged, playing into concerns that Trump’s “America First” approach means the US will stop promoting human rights or helping the most vulnerable global populations.
There will no longer be special envoys for the Arctic, Syria, Myanmar, Libya, Haiti, Sudan and South Sudan, though regional offices will assume those portfolios. The envoy for six-party talks in North Korea, currently vacant, won’t be filled.
In a 2014 report, the American Foreign Service Association, which represents career diplomats, recommended retaining only a handful of envoys while eliminating or merging the rest.
Tillerson’s letter responded to legislation passed by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee in July that took aim at the proliferation of special envoys by forcing Tillerson to tell Congress which positions he wanted to keep, and to secure Senate confirmation for all envoys in the future. Sen. Bob Corker, R-Tenn., the committee’s chairman, praised Tillerson for working to “to responsibly review the organizational structure of special envoys.”
Some special envoys are mandated by Congress. The Trump administration will ask lawmakers to repeal those mandates.
Times of Israel staff contributed to this report.