1/3 of Arab residents in public housing could be forced out

In Jaffa, Arab fears of eviction stoke tensions with the Jews next door

‘They want to throw us out of our home,’ says one woman whose husband and brother recently assaulted a rabbi looking into real estate

A boy walks past graffiti on a wall in Arabic and Hebrew which reads "Jaffa is not for sale" in the historic Arab neighborhood of Jaffa, south of Tel Aviv, on April 30, 2021. (AHMAD GHARABLI / AFP)
A boy walks past graffiti on a wall in Arabic and Hebrew which reads "Jaffa is not for sale" in the historic Arab neighborhood of Jaffa, south of Tel Aviv, on April 30, 2021. (AHMAD GHARABLI / AFP)

Arab-Israeli supermarket cashier Israa Jarbou has missed a week of work for fear of getting attacked by Jews on the bus out of Jaffa, a mixed Arab-Jewish quarter of Tel Aviv.

“They’ll see I’m religious,” said the 27-year-old, who wears the Muslim hijab head covering. “There is no security.”

Living nearby, Jewish seminary student David Shvets, 24, voiced similar fears, saying local Arabs had pelted him with stones and that a nearby synagogue was torched.

“We now go in a large group with a police escort to get home at night… in the heart of the state of Israel!” he said incredulously, describing the situation as a “jungle.”

Hostility has gripped usually quiet mixed communities of Israeli Jews and Arabs since the start of a military escalation a week ago pitting Israel’s army against the terror group Hamas in the Gaza Strip.

Jewish students study religion at the Shirat Moshe Yeshiva in Jaffa, south of Tel Aviv, on April 30, 2021. (AHMAD GHARABLI / AFP)

The most intense fighting since 2014 was sparked by unrest in Jerusalem, following clashes between police and stone-throwing Palestinians on the Temple Mount compound. Hamas last Monday fired rockets at Jerusalem, drawing retaliatory Israeli airstrikes and escalating the hostilities into a full-blown conflict.

Violence has flared nationwide between Jews and Arabs, a 20 percent minority. Synagogues, mosques, graveyards, a theatre and restaurants have been targeted, and a Jewish man has died after being hit with a brick while driving in Lod.

Now, in the Mediterranean seaside community of Jaffa, with its trendy bars and hummus restaurants, mounted police enforce nightly road closures, and officers with assault rifles patrol sidewalks.

Arab Israeli women sit on outdoor public benches in the historic Arab neighborhood of Jaffa, south of Tel Aviv, on April 26, 2021 (AHMAD GHARABLI / AFP)

A 12-year-old Muslim boy was hospitalized after a firebomb was thrown into his home, an attack that led to the arrest of a 20-year-old Arab resident of the city on Monday. The firebombing in Jaffa was allegedly committed by Arab Israelis, in an apparent case of “mistaken identity,” an unnamed police official told Walla.

Fearful Muslim neighbors have been quick to take down their Ramadan decorations.

The root causes for the latest spasm of violence go back decades. In Jaffa, an assault last month gave an early warning of long-simmering tensions over land and property rights.

Israa Jarbou shares a cramped public housing apartment with nine others including her husband, their two children and her mother-in-law Etaf, 57.

Etaf Jarbou hugs her grandchildren during an interview at home in the historic Arab neighborhood of Jaffa, south of Tel Aviv, on April 26, 2021. (AHMAD GHARABLI / AFP)

Outside, where their chickens roam, they have seen vast changes in recent years. Low-income Arab neighbors are getting evicted as the housing blocks give way to luxury apartments that mostly Israeli Jews can afford.

The Jarbous, too, face an eviction threat from the state public housing company Amidar, which ordered them to move out in 2018, citing unpaid rent.

Lawyer Saar Amit told AFP he got that eviction canceled and has requested the company allow the family to stay, or to pay reduced rent in another, citing Etaf Jarbou’s poor health and meager income. Amidar has not yet replied.

In mid-April, when two men from the nearby Jewish seminary came to her street inspecting land for possible purchase, tensions spiraled into a violent altercation.

Israa Jarbou’s husband Mahmoud, 34, and his brother Ahmad, 36, assaulted the two.

The melee was caught on tape, leading to the Jarbou brothers’ arrest.

“They want to throw us out of our home,” said Etaf Jarbou, who claims the two Jewish men came to her house. “And then they say there’s violence. But they’re committing violence against us.”

Moshe Schendowich, the head of the Meirim Beyafo seminary, speaks during an interview at the Shirat Moshe Yeshiva in the historic Arab neighborhood of Jaffa, south of Tel Aviv, on April 30, 2021. (AHMAD GHARABLI / AFP)

Moshe Schendowich, head of the Meirim Beyafo seminary, said he and the seminary’s rabbi were inspecting property for building student housing when the two men slapped, beat and kicked them.

“There’s no legitimacy for any type of violence, and this violence was extreme,” Schendowich said.

He said his partially state-funded organization aims to “strengthen” Jaffa’s Jewish community.

He and the rabbi, Eliyahu Mali, are affiliated with Israel’s West Bank settlement movement.

Two residents of Jaffa filmed beating Rabbi Eliyahu Mali on April 18, 2021. (Courtesy)

Jaffa, Schendowich said, “is not by definition an Arab city.

“There’s definitely an Arab population here, and the Arab population here is welcome, but the Jewish community here is a thriving Jewish community.”

Arabs’ grievances in Jaffa, as elsewhere, stem from Israel’s founding in 1948, said local filmmaker Tony Copti.

“For Arab Palestinians it was the capital of education, of theater, of cinema, schools and newspapers,” he said. “It was a country unto itself.”

When Israel declared independence that year according to the UN partition plan of Mandatory Palestine, local Arabs and several neighboring states rejected the UN plan and attacked, leading to the Israeli War of Independence

Arab Israeli women of the Jarbou family talk outside their home where 10 members of the family live in the historic Arab neighborhood of Jaffa, south of Tel Aviv, on April 26, 2021. (AHMAD GHARABLI / AFP)

Of the more than 70,000 Arab residents in Jaffa then, all but 3,000 fled or were expelled, according to Zochrot, an Israeli group that documents Palestinian communities erased at Israel’s founding.

In Jaffa, the state seized Arabs’ homes, subdivided them and assigned apartments to impoverished Jewish and Arab residents, who paid a symbolic low rent as “protected tenants.”

But change came in the 1980s, when Amidar began selling its properties across Israel, offering protected tenants a chance to buy their homes at a discount.

About 800 Amidar apartments in Jaffa are saleable, Amidar spokeswoman Shani Israeli told AFP.

“The goal is to sell to the resident and, if the resident doesn’t want to, then onward,” she said.

Amir Badran, a Jaffa native and a member of Tel Aviv’s city council, said most Amidar tenants in Jaffa today are Arab, and more than a third face an eviction threat.

The minaret of a mosque overlooks the Mediterranean sea in the historic Arab neighborhood of Jaffa, south of Tel Aviv, on April 30, 2021. (AHMAD GHARABLI / AFP)

Amidar “ignores the fact that these properties are originally Palestinian… and ignores the fact that Arabs cannot afford to buy these properties,” he said.

Etaf Jarbou said she gets along with most of her Jewish neighbors.

Arabs in Jaffa typically speak Arabic peppered with Hebrew, and often study and work in Jewish Israeli society.

Many are at pains to restore harmony. Hundreds of Jaffa residents, Arab and Jewish, on Sunday protested Israeli policy and called for peaceful coexistence.

Some held olive branches, even as others aired grievances.

“Arabs of Israel, for the last three Gaza wars we didn’t do anything,” said Muhammad Mansour, 34, an Arab Israeli engineer at the demonstration.

“But now with the discrimination, we’ve had it up to here. It’s not only about Al-Aqsa.”

Arab Israelis protest against Israel’s air campaign on the Gaza Strip, in Jaffa, near the coastal Israeli city of Tel Aviv, on May 18, 2021 (Ahmad GHARABLI / AFP)

The local battle over housing has cemented solidarity with Palestinians across the Gaza Strip, West Bank and East Jerusalem, he indicated.

Etaf Jarbou highlighted a dispute in east Jerusalem’s Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood, where Israeli Jews are attempting to remove Palestinians from homes built on land that courts have ruled were owned by Jewish religious associations before the establishment of Israel in 1948. The Supreme Court will consider the appeal of over 70 Palestinians in Sheikh Jarrah who face eviction, with a previously scheduled hearing delayed over unrest in the capital stoked by the Sheikh Jarrah issue.

“East Jerusalem breaks my heart,” she said. “And it’s not just there. It’s here. They don’t want Arabs here.”

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