Heavy clashes in Syria near Lebanese border

Government forces and pro-Assad militia battle rebels in key border region near Homs linking Damascus and Alawite enclave

BEIRUT (AP) — Syrian troops backed by pro-government gunmen captured at least one village in heavy fighting Sunday in a strategic area near the Lebanese border, activists and state media reported.

The fighting came as US officials said the Obama administration was poised to send millions more in non-lethal military aid to rebels trying to oust President Bashar Assad.

The clashes around the contested town of Qusair in Homs province have intensified over the past two weeks as the Syrian military, supported by pro-government militias backed by the Lebanese militant Hezbollah group, has pursued a campaign to regain control of the border area.

The border region near the provincial capital of Homs holds strategic value because it links Damascus with the coastal enclave that is the heartland of Syria’s Alawites, and is home to the country’s two main seaports, Latakia and Tartus.

The Syrian regime is dominated by Assad’s minority Alawite community, an offshoot of Shiite Islam, while the rebels are primarily Sunni Muslims.

The UN Security Council has been deadlocked for months on the Syrian war, and even the most modest attempts to end the bloodshed have failed. Western states and many Arab nations blame the conflict on Assad’s government. Russia insists on assigning equal blame for the suffering to the Syrian opposition and the government, and has cast vetoes, along with China, to block draft council resolutions.

Secretary of State John Kerry was expected to announce a significant expansion of non-lethal military aid to the Syrian opposition at an international conference on Syria Saturday in Turkey, US officials in Washington said. They spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to preview Kerry’s announcement publicly.

On Saturday, Kerry met with Syrian opposition leader Mouaz al-Khatib before the conference in Istanbul began.

The European Union also is looking for ways to bolster the forces fighting to oust Assad, and is set to ease its oil embargo on Syria, two diplomats said Friday. The decision would allow the import of oil production technology and the sale of crude from territory held by the Syrian opposition, in close coordination with the movement’s leaders, the diplomats said.

They spoke on condition of anonymity ahead of a formal decision by the bloc’s 27 foreign ministers at a meeting Monday in Luxembourg.

Syria’s conflict threatens to draw in neighboring states, and violence in the country has spilled over the borders on several occasions.

On Saturday, Lebanese authorities evacuated schools in the mostly Shiite villages of al-Qasr, Bouweydah and Hawch, which are located just inside Lebanon, amid fears that Syria’s rebels could target the residents. Later in the day, state-run National News Agency reported that two rockets fell near al-Qasr, causing material damage.

Last week, rockets from the Syrian side killed two people in al-Qasr and Hawch.

Syria’s state-run news agency SANA said government troops gained control Saturday of four key villages — Qadesh, Mansourieh, Saadiyeh and Radwaniyeh — in Homs province. The villages are all close to Qusair.

The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said six rebels were killed in the fighting adding that troops fully captured Radwaniyeh and were advancing in other villages. The Local Coordination Committees, another activist group, said Syrian warplanes were taking part in the fighting.

The pro-government militia, known as Popular Committees, was set up last year in Syria, with Hezbollah’s backing, to protect Syrian villages inhabited by Lebanese Shiites. But even though Hezbollah confirms backing the Syrian militia, it denies taking part in Syria’s civil war.

Qusair witnessed anti-government protests and clashes between troops and rebels in the early days of the uprising against Assad’s regime in March 2011. The fighting intensified after the army launched a wide attack on the area in the past weeks.

Regime troops last week captured a hill overlooking several towns in the area and the highway linking Damascus with the Mediterranean coast. On Thursday, government forces captured a town in the province and rebels seized a military base in the area.

The Observatory also reported fighting and shelling on Saturday west of Damascus where the army has been attacking rebel positions in the areas of Jdaidet Artouz and Jdaidet al-Fadel.

It said 69 people had been killed over the past four days there. Syria’s conflict, which started as largely peaceful protests against Assad’s government but later descended into civil war, has killed more than 70,000 people so far, according to the United Nations.

The Observatory reported that 10 days of clashes between residents of the eastern village of Masrab and members of the al-Qaeda-affiliated Jabhat al-Nusra, or Nusra Front, left 37 people dead including foreign fighters from Saudi Arabia and Tunisia. It said the fighting began after a diesel tanker owner complained to Nusra Front members that villagers had taken his truck. Three members of the group went into the village to mediate, but were shot dead, according to the Observatory.

During the fighting, government forces dropped weapons and ammunition to the villagers, the Observatory said.

Both activist groups, the Observatory and the LCC, also reported fighting Saturday in other areas, including Aleppo and Idlib in the north, Deir el-Zour to the east and Daraa in the south.

SANA said a shell fell outside a sports club in the northern city of Aleppo, Syria’s largest and once commercial center, killing two children.

Copyright 2013 The Associated Press.

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