At Christmas, Bethlehem says it’s denied full gifts of tourism
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At Christmas, Bethlehem says it’s denied full gifts of tourism

Palestinian Hotel Association laments that Israeli organized tour groups only make short visits to Christian pilgrimage city

Christian tourists pray inside the Grotto, believed to be the exact spot where Jesus Christ was born, at the Church of the Nativity in the biblical West Bank city of Bethlehem on December 21, 2019. (Musa Al SHAER/AFP)
Christian tourists pray inside the Grotto, believed to be the exact spot where Jesus Christ was born, at the Church of the Nativity in the biblical West Bank city of Bethlehem on December 21, 2019. (Musa Al SHAER/AFP)

Less than an hour after a group of Indian tourists arrived at Bethlehem’s Church of the Nativity, they exited smiling, boarded their bus and headed back to Jerusalem.

The city where Christians believe Jesus was born is teeming with tourists — but the Christmas spirit is dampened by complaints that Israeli tour operators don’t allow the city to truly benefit from the influx.

While Bethlehem’s 50-odd hotels are fully booked during the peak season around Christmas Day, December 25, they struggle to ensure occupancy rates throughout the year.

Less than a third of the three million tourists who visit Bethlehem every year spend at least one night there, according to the Palestinian Hotel Association.

Most head straight back through the Israeli checkpoint and out of the West Bank.

Palestinians accuse Israeli tour companies of seeking to undermine their business by organizing only fleeting visits.

An Israeli tour guide who brings Christian groups to Bethlehem explained that under Israeli law, Israelis are not permitted to remain in Area A of the West Bank, territory that is under the full control of the Palestinian Authority. Tour guides and drivers would not able to stay with their tourist groups even if they did want to spend a night in the city.

Few do want to remain, added the Israeli guide, who asked not be be identified, “because there isn’t so much to do in Bethlehem at night. They prefer to be in downtown Jerusalem or visit the Western Wall.”

In the search for more regular business, the small city, located between Jerusalem and Hebron in the southern West Bank, is looking to expand nonreligious tourism.

A tourist walks past illustrations by street artist Banksy displayed on Israel’s controversial barrier in front of his Walled-Off hotel in the West Bank town of Bethlehem on December 21, 2019. (Musa Al SHAER/AFP)

Ironically, a major draw now is the history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict itself, and the political street art it has spawned.

Especially the works of Banksy, the British spray-can maestro whose true identity remains a secret, have drawn many visitors and spawned a graffiti-themed tourism cottage industry.

‘Trips controlled’

In the square in front of the church that remains the main draw in Bethlehem, a Brazilian couple and their daughter were delighted to have visited the site as part of a three-week tour including Jerusalem and other cities.

“It was very fast, but it was enough,” said the mother before heading back to Jerusalem where they would stay the night.

A nearby trader lamented the fact tourists don’t bother to explore the city’s streets and markets.

“It is not that far away, they just have to cross the square,” he said.

Samir Hazboun, head of the Bethlehem chamber of commerce, said the city was trying to diversify its offerings.

Tourists “can visit many other cultural and historical places,” he said, pointing to the site of one of King Herod’s former palaces and the UNESCO-listed village of Battir.

Elias al-Arja, president of the Palestinian Hotel Association, speaks during an interview with AFP in the West Bank town of Bethlehem on December 21, 2019. (Musa Al SHAER/AFP)

Hazboun said many tourists did not stay longer because they visit with Israel-based travel agents who “control” the length of visits in the West Bank, a Palestinian territory controlled by Israel since 1967.

Elias Al-Arja, president of the Palestinian Hotel Association, pointed out that while the number of hotels had increased fivefold in 20 years, infrastructure, in particular for water and power, still lags behind.

‘Non-classical tourism’

Beyond those looking for religion, Bethlehem is increasingly drawing tourists attracted to the street art.

Many come to admire the graffiti and stencil pictures on the security barrier Israel began erecting in 2002 during the second Palestinian intifada, or uprising.

Israel says the barrier, which near Bethlehem is a five-meter (16 foot) concrete wall, is needed to protect itself, while Palestinians label it an apartheid wall.

When AFP visited, a young European was rolling white paint onto the wall, giving him a clean surface to graffiti.

A few steps away, a shop sold spray cans and stencils for tourists wanting to leave a trace of their passage.

The store is owned by the adjoining “Walled-Off Hotel,” which was opened in 2017 by Banksy.

All rooms in the hotel overlook the wall and are decorated with works about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, which is also the theme of a ground floor museum.

Postcards by street artist Banksy are displayed at his Walled-Off hotel facing Israel’s controversial separation wall in the West Bank town of Bethlehem on December 21, 2019. (Musa Al SHAER/AFP)

Wissam Salsaa, the hotel’s manager, said many guests had never dreamed of visiting Bethlehem or the West Bank until the hotel was established.

“Banksy has contributed a lot to non-classical tourism in Bethlehem,” he said, estimating that 250,000 people had visited the hotel in the two years since it opened.

These mostly young tourists normally come in small groups, not competing with the buses of often older tourists visiting the church. Some don’t even visit the religious sites.

Yet even these tourists often don’t stay.

Simon and Jan, two young Germans seated on the hotel’s terrace, said the museum was “very interesting” and allowed the uninitiated to familiarize themselves with the conflict.

They said they were only stopping by, though, and would spend the night in Tel Aviv.

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