TEHRAN — More than two-thirds of young Iranian Internet users are using illegal software to reach websites that are officially banned, government research cited by media said Monday.
The study, by the research center of the ministry of sport and young people, was publicized just one day after President Hassan Rouhani said existing Internet controls were counterproductive.
Mohammad Taghi Hassanzadeh, head of the research center, said that “69.3 percent use proxies [servers in other countries] to circumvent censorship and go on the Internet,” according to the ISNA news agency.
Iran has a filtering policy that makes popular websites such as Facebook, Twitter and YouTube inaccessible without the use of prohibited software capable of creating a VPN (Virtual Private Network) across a regular public Internet connection.
Advocates of filtering in the Islamic Republic say it protects citizens from immoral content, such as pornographic websites, but opponents say VPNs render such restrictions pointless.
The research center study was conducted in the 12 months following March 2013 and it involved 15,000 Iranians aged between 15 and 29.
According to its findings, 67.4 percent of all those who were surveyed use the Internet.
Some 19.1 percent chat online, 15.3 percent use social networks and 15.2 percent cite entertainment as a reason for using the Internet.
Only 10.4 percent are doing scientific research online, it added, and a mere five percent admitted that they access “immoral” websites, the research said, without being more specific.
Rouhani, who has cited science and educational use as a reason for fewer Internet restrictions, reentered an edgy debate on censorship on Sunday, saying the current regulations were not working.
“Force does not produce results,” he said in a speech broadcast live on state television. “Some people think we can fix these problems by building walls, but when you create filters, they create proxies.”
The decision of Rouhani’s government to approve faster 3G mobile Internet licenses for two Iranian companies last month was seen as a first step toward making Internet access easier.
As well as filtering, Iranian authorities are often accused of deliberately slowing down the Internet, which makes gaining access to even legally sanctioned websites harder.
The granting of the 3G permits caused controversy with some of Iran’s conservative clerics and officials who said video call functions on smartphones could expose youngsters to dubious content.
The ministry of telecommunications, technology and information later stated that video calling would not be available, despite such services — including FaceTime and Skype — being accessible on regular Internet connections.