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All-female electoral list seeks to shake-up male-dominated Palestinian society

The slate dubbed Qaderat, meaning capable in Arabic, will run in Saturday’s local elections in the West Bank; Hamas boycotting election, no voting to be held in Gaza

Palestinian female candidates for local council elections prepare campaign merchandise in their village of Burqin, west of Jenin in the West Bank, on December 2, 2021. (Jaafar ASHTIYEH / AFP)
Palestinian female candidates for local council elections prepare campaign merchandise in their village of Burqin, west of Jenin in the West Bank, on December 2, 2021. (Jaafar ASHTIYEH / AFP)

BURQIN, West Bank (AFP) — In a courtyard in their West Bank village, a group of Palestinian women puts the finishing touches to merchandise for their distinctly feminine campaign for municipal elections on Saturday.

They place pocket mirrors in pink drawstring bags bearing the logo of their new all-woman electoral list called Qaderat, Arabic for “capable” — testament to their belief that women can lead in a society traditionally dominated by men.

The main opposition party in the West Bank, the Hamas terror group, is boycotting the vote in protest at Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas’s indefinite postponement of parliamentary and presidential elections that had been scheduled for earlier this year.

The move by Hamas has resulted in a lack of political party affiliation in campaigning, meaning the field has largely been left to traditional clan-based lists and issue-based campaigns like that of the women of the northern West Bank village of Burqin.

There will be no voting at all in the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip.

The same applies to 60 West Bank villages where no candidates have registered, or the lists are incomplete, and another 162 where there is just one list of candidates who will be elected automatically.

Voting in towns and cities will not be held until March next year.

That leaves 154 villages where voters will actually go the polls on Saturday, and for the Qaderat candidates it provides an opportunity to chart a more inclusive political future.

FILE – In this Oct. 20, 2012 file photo, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas shows his ink-stained finger after casting his vote during local elections, at a polling station in the West Bank city of Ramallah. The Palestinian leadership will convene Thursday, April 29, 2021, to discuss whether to postpone parliamentary elections scheduled to be held May 22 if Israel does not allow voting in east Jerusalem, where days of violence have ratcheted up tensions. (AP Photo/Majdi Mohammed, File)

Qaderat is fielding eight candidates, all women, for the 11 seats on the council in Burqin, a village of about 8,000 people.

One of them, Saba Kahlouf, a university lecturer in geography, urged Palestinian women to seize the opportunity “to participate in order to assert their existence.”

“We are not separate from men,” she told AFP.

Threats

A total of six lists are contending the council seats in Burqin. Women candidates like Qaderat’s are treated differently than the men.

On campaign posters, the names of male candidates are accompanied by photographs, but those of women are accompanied by stock images of flowers, candles or Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa mosque.

In protest at the practice, Qaderat’s candidates have opted for no images at all.

Coordinator Abdelbaset Khalaf told AFP that “the list changed 18 times before its registration, because of pressures placed on the women, even threats of divorce from their husbands.”

Candidate Renad Abbas said the pressure was not necessarily in response to the list’s advocacy of women’s rights.

Palestinian female candidates for local council elections show a pocket mirror included in campaign merchandise they are preparing, in their village of Burqin, west of Jenin in the West Bank, on December 2, 2021. (Jaafar ASHTIYEH / AFP)

In some cases, it reflected family allegiance to candidates on a rival list.

“When the idea was first proposed, we faced many problems,” said Abbas.

“We know that novel ideas face opposition and surprise, but we are persisting in our desire to develop our village of Burqin.”

Infrastructure projects feature prominently on the list’s platform, including a long-term vision dubbed “Burqin 2040.”

“I am certain that women have a greater capacity for community work than men do,” said the husband of one of the candidates, who did not wish to be named.

“I wish them a great victory in these elections.”

‘Self-examination’

Palestinian political analyst Jihad Harb said the Hamas boycott had rendered Saturday’s elections largely “futile.”

The Islamist Hamas had been poised to sweep the parliamentary election scheduled for May, which was widely seen as the real reason for Abbas’s 11th-hour postponement of the poll, citing Israel’s refusal to allow voting in East Jerusalem.

Palestinian female candidates for local council elections prepare campaign merchandise in their village of Burqin, west of Jenin in the West Bank, on December 2, 2021. (Jaafar ASHTIYEH / AFP)

Harb said the emergence of an all-female candidates list was likely fuelled by frustration over the persistent marginalization of women in Palestinian political life.

Palestinian electoral law stipulates that women should make up at least 25 percent of all candidate lists, and more than 1,500 women will be standing for election on Saturday.

But only nine of them are heading lists and many are too low-placed on their lists to win seats.

Khalouf said one of Qaderat’s main goals was to “achieve greater participation than is granted in the electoral law.”

Asked about the mirrors that Qaderat was distributing to women voters, she said they were not intended for cosmetic purposes but to encourage “self-examination before casting a vote.”

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