Merkel vows ‘zero tolerance’ for hate after deadly anti-Semitic attack
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German president Steinmeier: Jewish life must be protected

Merkel vows ‘zero tolerance’ for hate after deadly anti-Semitic attack

As Jewish leaders criticize lack of police presence outside the Halle synagogue, congregation members say officers took more than 10 minutes to arrive on the scene

People place flowers in front of a synagogue in Halle, Germany, Oct. 10, 2019 (AP Photo/Jens Meyer)
People place flowers in front of a synagogue in Halle, Germany, Oct. 10, 2019 (AP Photo/Jens Meyer)

German Chancellor Angela Merkel vowed Thursday that there would be no tolerance for hate, after a gunman shot two people dead in an anti-Semitic attack targeting a synagogue in the city of Halle.

“The representatives of the constitutional state must use all means available against hate, violence and misanthropy. There is zero tolerance,” Merkel said a day after a synagogue was targeted as Jews marked Yom Kippur.

German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier said after meeting with Jewish leaders at the site of the deadly anti-Semitic attack that the country had a duty to protect Jews.

“It must be clear that the state takes responsibility for Jewish life, for the security of Jewish life in Germany,” he said. “We must protect Jewish life.”

German Chancellor Angela Merkel (C) talks to Rabbi Gesa Ederberg (L) and other members of the Jewish community at a vigil outside the New Synagogue in Berlin on October 9, 2019. (Anton Roland LAUB/AFP)

Steinmeier was joined by Israel’s ambassador to Germany Jeremy Issacharoff and local officials when he laid flowers outside the scene of an attack on a synagogue in the city of Halle, as German officials sought to reassure an unsettled Jewish community after members saw an armed man trying to break into their house of worship on Judaism’s holiest day.

The attack, in which two people were killed outside the synagogue and in a kebab shop, stoked renewed concern about rising far-right extremism and questions about the police response.

The head of Germany’s Jewish community, Josef Schuster, called the absence of police guards outside the synagogue on Yom Kippur “scandalous” as members of the congregation described waiting behind locked doors for the police to arrive, which took more than 10 minutes.

(L-R) German President’s wife Elke Buedenbender and German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier arrive at the synagogue in Halle, eastern Germany, on October 10, 2019, one day after the attack where two people were shot dead (AXEL SCHMIDT / AFP)

The assailant — a German citizen identified by German media as Stephan Balliet, firing what appeared to be home-made weapons — tried and failed to force his way into the synagogue as around 80 people were inside, then shot and killed a woman in the street outside and a man at a nearby kebab shop.

The attack, with the gunman ranting about Jews and denying the Holocaust in English, was livestreamed on a popular gaming site.

German synagogue attacker, identified as by media as neo-Nazi Stephan Balliet, during his rampage in Halle, October 9, 2019 (Screencapture)

The head of the city’s Jewish community, Max Privorozki, was among those inside who watched the man trying to break in on monitors linked to a surveillance camera. “We saw everything, also how he shot and how he killed someone,” he said.

“I thought this door wouldn’t hold,” Privorozki said outside the damaged door.

“That was a shock for us, that was Yom Kippur, all phones were switched off, we had to understand what was going on first — then switch on my phone and then call the police,” he said. “It was really panic but I have to say after that, when the police came, we continued with the worship service, that lasted another three hours, the synagogue worship service.”

The leader of the Jewish community Max Privorozki (R) is pictured on October 10, 2019 in Halle, Germany, a day after the Yom Kippur attack outside a synagogue there in which two people were shot dead. (AXEL SCHMIDT / AFP)

The worshipers were brought out on buses several hours later. A video posted by a reporter for Israeli public broadcaster Kan showed people on a bus dancing, embracing and singing.

A worshiper who was at the synagogue, identified only as Christina, told Israel’s Kan Reshet Bet radio that “it’s not easy being openly Jewish in Germany,” but “the main message is we can’t give up. We won’t give up on Jewish existence in Germany.”

Schuster was sharply critical Wednesday night of the lack of a police presence outside. “I am convinced that if there had been police protection there, in all probability the assailant would not have been able to attack a second site,” he said.

Christoph Bernstiel, a local councilor who also represents Halle in the national parliament, told n-tv television that there will be a careful examination of how long the response took, “but at this point it would be too early to draw premature conclusions.”

Bullet holes in the entrance door of a synagogue are pictured in Halle, Germany, Thursday, October 10, 2019. (Jens Meyer/AP)

Synagogues are often protected by police in Germany and have been for many years amid concerns over far-right and Islamic extremism. There has been rising concern lately about both anti-Semitism and right-wing extremism.

Germany’s domestic intelligence agency has said that the number of anti-Semitic acts of violence rose to 48 last year from 21 the previous year. It also said that the number of far-right extremists rose by 100 to 24,100 people last year, with more than half of them considered potentially violent.

A police officer stands in front of a kebab grill in Halle, Germany, October 9, 2019. (Sebastian Willnow/dpa via AP)

In June, Walter Luebcke, a regional politician from Chancellor Angela Merkel’s party, was fatally shot at his home. Luebcke was known for supporting the welcoming refugee policy that Merkel adopted during an influx of migrants in 2015. The suspect is a far-right extremist with a string of convictions for violent anti-migrant crimes.

Joachim Herrmann, Bavaria’s state interior minister, accused members of the nationalist, anti-migrant Alternative for Germany party of helping stir up anti-Semitism, an accusation the party rejected. Some figures in the party, which entered the national parliament in 2017, have made comments appearing to downplay the Nazi past.

The video streamed on Twitch, which apparently was filmed with a head-mounted camera, showed the perpetrator driving up to the synagogue in a car packed with ammunition and what appeared to be home-made explosives.

An armed man fires on a street in Halle, Germany, following a shooting outside a synagogue in that city which killed two. (Screenshot/Andreas Splett/ATV-Studio Halle/AFP)

He tried two doors and placed a device at the bottom of a gate, then fired at a woman trying to walk past his parked car. The assailant then fired rounds into the synagogue’s door, which didn’t open. He drove a short distance to park opposite the kebab shop. He fired at what appeared to be an employee, while customers scrambled away.

What appeared to be a manifesto also appeared online, according to Rita Katz, the head of the SITE Intelligence Group.

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